The yield of the crop has declined and the quality of the soil has also deteriorated. In 1995, four years after the dam was completed, downstream farmers objected to the release of water, which had become highly contaminated from the dyeing and bleaching units, and filed a case in the Chennai High Court the following year. [3], [3] Jayanth Sarathi, N., Karthik, R., Logesh, S., Srinivas Rao, K. and Vijayanand, K. ‘Environmental issues and its impacts associated with the textile processing units in Tiruppur, Tamilnadu’, Second International Conference on Environmental Science and Development, 2011.http://www.ipcbee.com/vol4/26-ICESD2011D068.pdf. The facts and circumstances giving rise to this case are that a Public Interest Litigation was filed by the Noyyal River 2 Ayacutdars Protection Association, a registered Association (Respondent No. The damage to agriculture caused by effluent discharge is estimated to be US$36,490,937. [4] The project is expected to cost more than US$25 million. "Siruthuli has mapped the entire river and its streams. In 2012 it proposed the 'Restore River Noyyal' project, which commenced in 2016. The effluent discharged into the stream and on land has severely impacted agriculture, fisheries and drinking water. [1]. In 1941 there were only two such units; by 1997 there were 866, consuming about 90 million litres a day of water and releasing about 87 million litres a day of effluents into the Noyyal River. In 2012 it proposed the 'Restore River Noyyal' project, which commenced in 2016. In Tiruppur, as at 2007, about 239 units were located less than 300m from the Noyyal River. But the TDS level in the water in the Orathupalayam Dam area is above 9000 ppm; in summer, when water evaporation is higher, the level of TDS is even higher. The TNPCB Board stipulates total dissolved solids (TDS) in water discharged into the river should not be more than 2100 parts per million (ppm). It runs through Coimbatore, Tirupur, Erode and Karur districts in Tamilnadu. Start using reusable cotton bags. More than half of people reported experiencing health problems such as diarrhoea and cholera, while more than 75 per cent said they suffered skin diseases. "This could be undertaken by an external agency by organizing dialogues and negotiations through the multi-stakeholders' dialogue approach or the formation of multi-stakeholders' platforms aimed at sustainable development of water resources in the basin." [1] Now the Orathapalayam Dam has become a mere storage tank for industrial effluent, which could neither be discharged into the river, nor be stored due to percolation and contamination of groundwater aquifers. Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Some farmers have been waiting for compensation from the Loss of Ecology Authority since 2002. Noyyal Go Green is doing its part to save the mother earth by introducing eco-friendly products. Essay family topics river pollution Noyyal essay. In 1995, four years after the dam was completed, downstream farmers objected to the release of water, which had become highly contaminated from the dyeing and bleaching units, and filed a case in the Chennai High Court the following year. Coimbatore: Water from a canal connecting the river Noyyal had flooded the streets of Sri Sai Nagar, a residential area near Podanur in the city, on Wednesday. Every single respondent experienced water pollution, while 90.55 per cent said land pollution was evident. It originates from the hills of Velliangiri, in Western Ghats of Tamilnadu. button above. If this was the pathetic story so far of the villages along the Noyyal river, the worst has befallen downstream in the boomtown of Tirupur - infertility is staring the villagers in the … Today only four exist," the trust says. Save Earth from plastic pollution. India Matters. Assessment of Surface Water Quality of Noyyal River Using Wasp Model Author : G. Mahalakshmi , M. Kumar and T. Ramasamy Volume 7 No.1 Special Issue:April 2018 pp 37-40 Abstract. The bund of the canal was damaged at Jamjam Nagar near Podhanur and water flooded tens of houses in the locality. 9Earlier studies indicated that pollution concentration in Noyyal river was low till the river reachdhed Tiruppur btbut idincreased considerably in Tiruppur area, due to textile effluent discharge, and continues downstream up to Orathapalayam. Noyyal means “devoid of illness” but unfortunately the river has become “ill” and is country’s most polluted river. [5]. Garments industries polluting river basins. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. Once, it was the life-giver of Coimbatore, but now carries destruction in form of pollution. Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board Noyyal river frothing Noyyal river pollution. Industrial pollution in Tiruppur has significantly affected the Noyyal River, totally contaminated the Orathapalayam Dam, contaminated the Chauvery River, caused great economic loss for farmers and affected residents' health. A critical issue is the pollution of the rivers Noyyal and Nallaru originating and flowing in the Kongu Nadu region. To study the nature and impact of water pollution in Noyyal river basin 2. In April 2016 it was pronounced dysfunctional by the Chennai High Court and was absorbed into the National Green Tribunal. This effluent could neither be discharged into the river nor be stored due to percolation and contamination of groundwater aquifers. A study at University of Madras showed that more than half of the people interviewed reported health problems such as diarrhoea and cholera, … [1] Jayakumar, N. and Rajagopal, A. It is a seasonal river that passes through Coimbatore, Erode and Karur in Tamil Nadu state during October and December and has return flows from the Lower Bhavani Project. According to the TNPCB (Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board) 88 million litres of effluents, after primary treatment in effluent treatment plants, are being released into the Noyyal every day. According to state Pollution Control Board rules, 'red' and 'orange' category units (highest polluting industries, which include dyeing and bleaching) should be situated 1km from a river/ stream or any other water source. "River Noyyal in Coimbatore had 34 streams which helped it to flow perennially. More than 160 units were shut down, but observers say treated effluents do not meet standards prescribed by the Pollution Control Board, particularly regarding total dissolved solids and chlorides. “Water had started flooding into the area during the early morning hours. In 1997 the fisheries department closed its operations at the reservoir and the High Court ordered dam water not be released for irrigation. 2. This effluent could neither be discharged into the river nor be stored due to percolation and contamination of groundwater aquifers. The facts and circumstances giving rise to this case are that a public interest litigation was filed by the Noyyal River Ayacutdars Protection Association, a registered Association (Respondent 1), for seeking directions for preservation of ecology and for keeping Noyyal River in Tamil Nadu free from pollution. The effluent also percolated down to join the groundwater, making the water unfit for both irrigation and for drinking. It is a seasonal river that passes through Coimbatore, Erode and Karur in Tamil Nadu state during October and December and has return flows from the Lower Bhavani Project. 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