Indus River In Tibetan, the Indus River is known as the Senggye Tsangpo, and it originates in the area of Lake Manasarovar in Tibet’s Ngari Prefecture. It is one of the longest rivers of Asia. Its total drainage area is about 1,165,000 square km [more than half of it lies in semiarid plains of Pakistan]. The Indus River originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range near Lake Manasarovar in Tibet. Tapi River: 724 km. Name of Rivers Source or Origin of River End of River/River Joined Length (KM) 1 Ganga Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand Bay of Bengal 2525 2 Indus Originates in Tibetan plateau china, Enters India in J & K Merges into Arabina sea Over 47% of the total area of the Indus drainage basin is in Pakistan and Pakistan-administered Kashmir. The Indus river originates in the Tibetan Plateau and flows through countries like India, China and Pakistan. The uneven surface of the delta contains a network of existing and abandoned channels. One of the biggest influences on the Harappas was a group of Indo-Europeans, also known as Aryans, w… Vienna Convention on Consular Relations for UPSC Exam – Complete Study Material & Notes for IAS Prelims. Indus river journey. River Indus originates from : (1) Hindukush range (2) Himalayan range (3) Karakoram range (4) Kailash range It forms a delta before draining into the Arabian Sea. The River Indus is 1,976 miles (3180 km) long making it one of … Nubra River : The Nubra River is a tributary of the Shyok River, which flows through the Nubra Valley in North Ladakh, into the Indus River to the east of Skardu, Pakistan. The river’s annual flow is about 58 cubic miles (243 cubic km)—twice that of the Nile River and three times that of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers combined. Indus is the longest river in Pakistan. Indus river journey. Finally, the river emerges out of the mountains near Attock where it receiv… | Types & Styles of Letter Writing | Letter Writing Topics, Samples & Tips, YASHADA Coaching Center Details | Yashwantrao Chavan Academy Of Development Administration for IAS Exams, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nd-0HFd58P8. The Sindh River/Indus River is one of the three major rivers of northern India. The Indus River basin and its drainage network. The Sindh River/Indus River is one of the three major rivers of northern India. The origin of Indus river is the Tibetan plateus near Manas Sarovar. Most of the rivers of peninsular India originate in the Western Ghats and flow’ towards the Bay of Bengal. For about 200 miles (320 km) it flows northwest, crossing the southeastern boundary of the disputed Kashmir region at about 15,000 feet (4,600 metres). Finally, it cuts across the Salt Range near Kalabagh to enter the Punjab Plain. The Indus then flows west and turns south and southwest to enter Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, in the process skirting around the northern and western sides of the Nanga Parbat massif (26,660 feet [8,126 metres]) in gorges that reach depths of 15,000 to 17,000 feet (4,600 to 5,200 metres) and widths of 12 to 16 miles (19 to 26 km). Farther downstream the Gilgit River is another right-bank tributary, joining it at Bunji. The river subsequently runs to the northwest via Baltistan and Ladakh into Gilgit, immediately south to the Karakoram Mountain range. The Course of flow of the river ends in the Arabian sea. River Indus originates from : (1) Hindukush range (2) Himalayan range (3) Karakoram range (4) Kailash range The Indus river originates from the Kailash hills in Tibet, near the Mansarovar region. The Chandra river originates from glaciers east of the same pass (near Chandra Taal). List of Important Rivers of India and their Names, Origin, Destination and Length S.N. Apology Letter Format & Samples | How To Write an Apology Letter? The Indus originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range in Tibet near Lake Manasarovar. River Indus, which is one of the largest rivers of the world, originates from a small lake in Tibet which is called the Mansarovar Lake. Indus River is one of the most important rivers of the Indo-Gangetic plain in the Indian Subcontinent. A river along with its tributaries may be called a river system. Indus River is one of the longest rivers in India. Updates? Below its confluence with the Shyok, as far as the Kohistan region of Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, it is fed by mighty glaciers on the slopes of the Karakoram Range, the Nanga Parbat massif, and the Kohistan highlands. The average annual water flow of River Indus is 243 cubic kilometres. Salient Features of Indian Society | Important Features of Indian Society for UPSC Civil Service Examination. Its total drainage area is about 450,000 square miles (1,165,000 square km), of which 175,000 square miles (453,000 square km) lie in the ranges and foothills of the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, and the Karakoram Range; the rest is in the semiarid plains of Pakistan. The Shigar River joins the Indus on the right bank near Skardu in Baltistan. River Indus holds particular importance to the country Pakistan and has a major impact on its economy. Industrial Activities, Industrial waste disposal and Plastic waste. The river subsequently runs to the northwest via Baltistan and Ladakh into Gilgit, immediately south to the Karakoram Mountain range. Himalayan mountains are the place where the rivers Indus and Ganges originate. The Indus Flows through the full length of Pakistan. With all of this in mind, let's turn to the origins of the faith. It enters India from the states of Jammu and Kashmir. Format of the Cheque Book Request Letter | Cheque Book Request Letter Writing Samples & How to Write & Submit? The river Ganges is considered to be the sacred river, it is commonly known as the river Ganga which is located at the northern part of the India and it flows towards Bangladesh. It is joined by Dhar Rivernear Indo-China border. The Shyok, Shigar, Gilgit, and other streams carry glacial meltwater into the Indus. It serves as the major source of irrigation and food production in Pakistan. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Brahmaputra rises from the Chemaung-Dung glacier near Manas sarowar in Tibet. It flows through the plain in western and southern Punjab province in Pakistan at an elevation of about 260 feet (80 metres). While the Indus originates in the Changthang Cold Desert, the Zanskar river originates in the Zanskar ranges. It forms a spectacular gorge near Gilgit(at Bunzi, north of Nanga Parbat) in Jammu and Kashmir. Like many other rivers, the Indus originates in the mountains of the Himalayas. Because it moves so slowly across the plain, it deposits accumulated silt on its bed, which is thus raised above the level of the sandy plain; indeed, most of the plain in Sindh (Sind) province in Pakistan has been built up by alluvium laid down by the Indus. Fig : Indus River Map The origin of the river is located in Tibet; it starts at the meeting point of the Sengge and Gar rivers that sap the Gangdise Shan and Nganglong Kangri mountain ranges. Research Associate, Center for South Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley. The coastal strip, from about 5 to 20 miles (8 to 32 km) inland, is flooded by high tides. The total drainage area of River Indus is approximately 11,65,000 km2. The Indus River originates in Tibet and flows through Pakistan into the Arabian Sea. It is the river known for its length as it is the longest flowing river in the country. The Indus river has numerous tributaries. It originates in the Sengkhabb sources 62.5 miles north of Kailash in the Greater Himalayas. | Few Sample Complaint Letters Images. Indus River, Tibetan and Sanskrit Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, or Mehran, great trans-Himalayan river of South Asia. Indus River System. Like many other rivers, the Indus originates in the mountains of the Himalayas. As it approaches the sea, the river meanders over the coastal plain. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It originates in the Sengkhabb sources 62.5 miles north of Kailash in the Greater Himalayas. Near Tatta the Indus branches into distributaries that form a delta and join the sea at various points south-southeast of Karachi. Trails cling grimly to precipitous slopes overlooking the river from elevations of 4,000 to 5,000 feet (1,200 to 1,500 metres). After crossing the Himalayas, it turns into south-west and enters Pakistan near Chillar in the Dardistan region. Himalayan mountains are the place where the rivers Indus and Ganges originate. Although most of the river's course runs through neighbouring Pakistan , as per as regulation of Indus water treaty of 1960, India can use only 20 percent of the water in this river. The Bhaga river originates from Surya taal lake, which is situated a few kilometers west of the Bara-lacha la pass in Himachal Pradesh. The Indus River originates in Tibet and flows through Pakistan into the Arabian Sea. The river rises in the southwestern Tibet Autonomous Region of China near Lake Mapam at an elevation of about 18,000 feet (5,500 metres). After entering India, it flows in between Ladakh and Karakoram range mostly close to the former. One of the most arresting moils of nature in Ladakh is Sangam, the confluence Indus and Zanskar Rivers. 671 views The river has developed antecedent drainage in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indus delta has elongated protruding distributaries and low sandy beaches. Omissions? It … The Indus river originates in the Himalayas, passes through India and enters Pakistan. It originates from the Siachen glacier, also behaves like the Shyok. It is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,000 miles (3,200 km). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. River Ganga rises from the icy cave of Gomukh of Gangotri Glacier on the Kumaon Himalaya in... (2) The Brahmaputra (2,900 km) List of Important Rivers of India and their Names, Origin, Destination and Length S.N. It is the largest river in the world in terms of water flow. Its capital Srinagar is located on the banks of the tributary Jhelum. The Length of river Indus is approximately 3,180 kilometres. Both of them originate in the high Himalayas. The delta covers an area of 3,000 square miles (7,800 square km) or more (and extends along the coast for about 130 miles (210 km). Author of. Fig : Indus River Map The origin of the river is located in Tibet; it starts at the meeting point of the Sengge and Gar rivers that sap the Gangdise Shan and Nganglong Kangri mountain ranges. It's theorized that some of Hinduism's traits can be traced back to this ancient culture. It flows through Jammu and Kashmir in the western direction until it reaches Pakistan, and from there it takes southern course to merge with Arabian Sea. The … Such floods occurred in 1947, 1958, and 2010. Miles. Major Rivers originating from the Himalayas (1) The Ganga (2,530 km) This river flows between Tibet and Kashmir. River basin. This river flows between Tibet and Kashmir. The River is originates from sacred Lake Mansarovar in Tibet. Tamil Nadu History Books for UPSC Exam | List of Tamilnadu State Board History Textbooks, Letter Writing | How to Write A Letter? The river runs immediately west and into the Ladakh District of Kashmir before entering Pakistan from the north. The Indus Originates in the Tibetan Plateau and flows through three Asian Countries, that are India, China and Pakistan. The earliest chronicles and hymns of the Aryan peoples of ancient India, the Rigveda, composed about 1500 bce, mention the river, which is the source of the country’s name. The River Indus has many tributaries on the left as well as on the right side. It forms a picturesque gorge in this part. The gradient of the river is also gentle here. The Tapti River is one of the only three rivers in the East that flows westwards. The Indus River is one of the most important rivers in the world running across three major Asian nations, namely China, India and Pakistan.It originates near the Mansarovar Lake in the Tibetan plateau, moves through India and runs most of its course through Pakistan, making it the longest river in Pakistan.The Indus was known to the ancient Indians in Sanskrit as Sindhu. Kilometres or 4,50,000 Sq. Although most of the river's course runs through neighbouring Pakistan , as per as regulation of Indus water treaty of 1960, India can use only 20 percent of the water in this river. Agriculture in Pakistan depends on the water from this river. This river enters Leh from Tibet in India and then enters Pakistan via Kashmir. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Widely known as the Indus River Valley Civilization, the Harappaculture inhabited the banks of the Indus River as early as perhaps 4000 BCE. During heavy flooding the river sometimes changes its course. It’s length is about 2,900 km. This lever has a total length of 2897 km and finally terminates at the Arabian Sea. 11,65,000 Sq. In Tibetan, the Indus River is known as the Senggye Tsangpo, and it originates in the area of Lake Manasarovar in Tibet’s Ngari Prefecture. Complaint Letter Format | How to Write a Letter of Complaint? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The River Indus is considered as the largest river in the world in terms of water flow. This river enters Leh from Tibet in India and then enters Pakistan via Kashmir. It finally drains into the Arabian Sea. The Himalayan Rivers. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Then it follows through Ladakh region and Zanskar region in northern side. Continuing for 150 miles (240 km) in the same direction into the Pakistani-administered areas of the Kashmir region, the Indus is joined by its notable tributary the Shyok River on the right bank. Indus River originates from the Tibetan plateau near Lake Mansarovar in China. India is working within the framework of the Indus water-sharing agreement while building the hydroelectric … From there the Indus begins it long journey to the Arabian Sea. Archana Shaw, studied Master of Arts in English Literature at Presidency University, Kolkata (2021) Author has 79 answers and 84K answer views. It is the river known for its length as it is the longest flowing river in the country. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Indus-River, MapsofIndia.com - Rivers in India - Indus River Map, Indus River - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Indus River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Pakistanis taking shelter on higher ground after an Indus River flood, near Thatta, Sindh province, Pakistan, August 2010. In accordance with World Bank Suggestions, However, two governments agreed in 1960 that feeder canals should be dug from the western rivers to supply the areas … After receiving the waters of the Punjab rivers, the Indus becomes much larger, and during the flood season (July to September) it is several miles wide. As this early culture faced invasion upon invasion, the faith of the Harappa culture evolved to include those of the invaders. The Indus also is known as the Sindhu, is the westernmost of the Himalayan rivers in India. The Indus River originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range near Lake Manasarovar in Tibet. It cuts through the Himalayas in a deep gorge near Nanga Parbat and then leaves Kashmir to enter Pakistan. A short way beyond Leh, in Ladakh (in the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir), it is joined on its left by its first major tributary, the Zaskar River. These five rivers—the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej—give the name Punjab (“Five Rivers”) to the region divided between Pakistan and India. New questions in Biology How does a baby get produced? The Indus River originates near the Mansarovar Lake in the Tibetan plateau, on the northern slopes of the Kailash Mountain Range. The Kābul River joins the Indus just above Attock, where the Indus flows at an elevation of 2,000 feet (600 metres) and is crossed by the first bridge carrying rail and road. It enters Indian territory in Jammu and Kashmir. The Indus River System The river runs immediately west and into the Ladakh District of Kashmir before entering Pakistan from the north. The major Himalayan rivers are the Indus, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra. The river’s conventional name derives from the Tibetan and Sanskrit name Sindhu. A short distance downstream the Astor River, running off the eastern slope of Nanga Parbat, joins as a left-bank tributary. It enters the PoK region and flows to the north of Nanga Parbat, post which it enters Pakistan. Serves as the main source of water resources to Punjab. Embankments have been constructed to prevent flooding, but occasionally these give way, and floods destroy large areas. Its capital Srinagar is located on the banks of the tributary Jhelum. The river Ganges is considered to be the sacred river, it is commonly known as the river Ganga which is located at the northern part of the India and it flows towards Bangladesh. 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