[43], A loyalist named Robert Moodie saw the large gathering at Montgomery's Tavern and rode towards Toronto to warn the officials. William Lyon Mackenzie was a fiery and vocal critic of the Upper Canadian system in the 1820's and 30's. [54], On Tuesday night MacNab arrived in Toronto with sixty men from the Hamilton area. This was able to take away any differences of the two cultures, English and French. the rebellion of 1837-38, why did it happen? [44] Mackenzie took both men prisoner but did not search them for weapons as they gave their word that they did not have any. Bond Head then refused to pass any legislation from that government session including major public works projects. [73] A general pardon for everyone but Mackenzie was issued in 1845, and Mackenzie himself was pardoned in 1849 and allowed to return to Canada, where he resumed his political career. In retaliation Bond Head refused to sign any bills passed by the assembly, including public work projects. On their way, the rebels ran into a picket of about 20 loyalists who opened fire. The united Province of Canada came into being in 1841. The rebellion of upper and lower Canada. While it shrank, it became more violent, mainly through the support of the Hunters' Lodges, a secret United States-based militia that emerged around the Great Lakes, and launched the Patriot War in 1838–39. The causes of the rebellion in Upper Canada are unique and quite different from Lower Canada. In Upper Canada the 1836 elections had been marred by political violence and fraud organized by the new Lt. The British Reform movement, organized as "Political Unions," had achieved the Great Reform Bill of 1832 which broadened the electoral franchiseand helped eliminate political corruption. The rebels dispersed in a panic after the first round of firing thinking the rebel's front row had been killed when they were simply dropping to the ground to allow those behind them to fire. 9 years ago. Fourteen-year-old Adam Wheeler arrives in Toronto in the autumn of 1837 with his uncle’s family. These policies favoured r… These policies favoured recent emigrants from Britain and the Church of England and its supporters over In 1834, he became the first mayor of Toronto. His temperament and conviction led him to the point where he not only advocated armed rebellion against the colonial government but led it. Rolph and Baldwin relayed the rejection to the rebels, and Rolph told Mackenzie that they should attack as soon as possible because the city was poorly defended. However, the government did maintain a Colored Corps unit at Niagara until 1850. "[6] Members of the Family Compact utilized their official positions for monetary gain, especially through corporations such as the Bank of Upper Canada, and the two land companies (the Clergy Corporation and the Canada Company) that between them controlled two-sevenths of the land in the province. other  Top Answer. Relations between the appointed Legislative Council and the elected Legislative Assembly became increasingly strained in the years after the war, over issues of immigration, taxation, banking and land speculation. Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. Upper Canada | Lower Canada | Northwest Rebellion. They were easily dispersed by government volunteers under the command of Sir Allan Napier MacNab. Wealthy ruling group who controlled Upper Canada. It received a temporary surge in popularity as a result. The rebels without arms were sent to the tavern with their prisoners. [23] Mackenzie's first plan for rebellion involved calling on Sheldon & Dutcher's men to storm the city hall, where the militia's guns were stored. 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