Toggle navigation. In: The potato: botany, production and uses [ed. Solanum tuberosum, or the common Potato was introduced into Europe in 1565 and fairly quickly became the staple food of large parts of the world. London, UK: Cassell and Co., 391 pp. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Potato Research, 26: 323-362. form a strategic partnership called N.C. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Quick facts. In: D'Arcy WG, ed. FAO, 1991. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. (Bot.) > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Bond JK, 2014. Apart from secondary stems, a stem may develop branches at higher nodes several times during its growth. The graphs are built from data from all publications in the database with this species name. Biology and control of volunteer potatoes - a review. Description: Potatoes can be grown in most soils, other than heavy clay. S. tuberosum is considered native to the Peruvian-Bolivian Andes region, but has been introduced to most parts of the world. In: Aspects of Applied Biology, No. Common name. FAO Statistics Series No. The species has been the subject of genetic research to improve cultivars for agricultural purposes. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum tuberosum L is also known by its common name of Potato. Scientific name: Solanum tuberosum; Common name: Irish potato, White Potato; Origin: Chiloé, Chonos-Archipel, Chile; Planting time: from March/April; Plant height: up to 3 feet or taller; contain vitamin C as well as; high-quality proteins B6 and C; Every German consumes an average of 110 pounds of potatoes per year. The potato is among the world’s most important crop plants. Kuc J, 1982. In: Solanaceae: biology and systematics, [ed. Potatoes may be grown in trenches to make the process of hilling easier. Dyakov YuT, Derevjagina MK, 2000. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. In other cases the same species may have multiple graphs because of differences in names recorded for the plant. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Botanical name: Solanum tuberosum 'Charlotte' Common name: Potato ; Family: Solanaceae ; Plant Type: Vegetable ; Foliage colour: Green . Tropicos website St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Glasgow, UK: Blackie & Son Ltd., 82-105. 387-392. Solanum tuberosum is the common cultivated potato known for its starchy tubers. Wyk BEvan, 2005. Solanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. In Papua New Guinea, for example, optimum growth of potato takes place at altitudes between 1500 and 2200 m above sea-level, where day temperatures are about 25°C and night temperatures about 20°C. Urban I, 1898-1928. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Solanum tuberosum Irish potato. tuberosum (54 active accession[s]) Autonyms (not in … One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Renner, Texas, USA: Texas Research Foundation, 499-507, 517-539. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: Department of Agriculture and Livestock, Food Management Branch. Common Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Description. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Introduction to potato production. July, 2011. In the United States, it is found primarily in New Mexico and Arizona and reaches slightly into southwest Texas (Spooner 2004). Find help & information on Solanum tuberosum potato from the RHS. Large quantities are consumed fried as chips (French fries, pommes frites) or as thinly sliced crisps. Wiart C, 2006. It prefers moist soil. Solanum tuberosum is the common cultivated potato known for its starchy tubers. Common Names of Plant Diseases...D. P. Weingartner and W. J. Hooker, primary collators, updated by Walter R. Stevenson (last update 10/29/01) BACTERIAL DISEASES Bacterial wilt = brown rot Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. Solanum venturii is a wild potato native to Argentina. , 1978. The taxonomy of the genus and its seven subgenera has undergone many revisions, but the overall genus consists of herbs, shrubs, trees, and herbaceous or woody vines, usually with spines or prickles, glabrous or pubescent with simple or stellate hairs (Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996). (1999) to suppress volunteer S. tuberosum in wheat and barley crops, while Bond (1993) found treatments containing fluroxypyr more effective than ioxynil or clopyralid for control of S. tuberosum in vegetable crops. Quality as influenced by harvesting and storage. While the etymology of the genus’ scientific name is unclear, it may be derived from the Latin word “sol”, meaning "sun," referring to its affinity for sunlight, or from the Latin word “solare”, meaning "to soothe”, the Latin word “solamen”, meaning "a comfort", or the Akkadian word “sululu”, meaning “happy”, in reference to the narcotic effects of some Solanum species after ingestion (Smith, 1971; Wiart, 2006; Quattrocchi, 2012; NZPCN, 2014). Woolfe JA, 1987. Continuing selection has led to the establishment of numerous cultivars, a process still going on wherever the crop is grown. Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. Mesoamericana. Symbolae Antillanae: Seu fundamenta florae Indiae Occidentalis. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Origin and distinctions of domesticates. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. > 0°C, dry winters), A staple crop worldwide, tubers capable of regenerating, Species has a long and wide history of cultivation; can reproduce by both seed and tubers, Species has a long and wide history of cultivation both locally and commercially, Important food crop: edible tubers capable of regenerating, Soil that contains fragments of tuber can be transported. For North Carolina's climate and soil, some of the most reliable cultivars include thinner skinned potatoes such as ‘Yukon Gold’, ‘Kennebec’, and ‘Red Pontiac’. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. Hawkes JG, Francisco-Ortega J, 1993. Flowers have yellow stamens and may be white to reds, pinks, purples, or blues. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Online Database. Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. Foto n. 133843 - Patata (Solanum tuberosum) Tubers at Maui County Fair Kahului, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Seed flat, subcircular to ovate, 1-3 mm in diameter, pale yellow-brownish. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. [English title not available]. Bello D, 1883. New York, USA: Columbia University Press. The soil should be just moist when the tubers are planted. In Ecuador the species has been reported between 0 and 4500 m (Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014), and in Bolivia it has been observed between 2500 and 4000 m and is capable of tolerating dry soil (Bolivia Checklist, 2014). Lainsbury et al. June, 2012. It and the flea beetle (principally Epitrix spp.) New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 91-96. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 15-26. The cultivated potato originated in the Peru-Colombia-Chile region of the South American Andes, but has a wide-ranging centre of diversity from Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile across the Pampa and Chaco regions of Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and southern Brazil and northward into Central America, Mexico, and the southwestern United States (Kiple and Ornelas, 2000; Wagner et al., 2014). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Based on archaeological and genetic evidence the first domestications occurred at least 8000 years ago in the high Andes of Peru and Bolivia (Hunziker, 1979; Cribb and Hawkes, 1986), and during the Spanish conquest the cultivated potato was being grown in the Andes, from Venezuela to northern Argentina and into the lowland regions of Chile (Cribb and Hawkes, 1986). Potato Po*ta to, n.; pl. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. New potatoes can be harvested about 7-8 weeks after planting. Overview: An erect, perennial, aromatic herb up to 1 m tall. ; [Bronx Co.], Van Cortlandt Park, S.L. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It was probably first domesticated in the Lake Titicaca region of Peru and Bolivia between 10,000 and 7,000 years ago. Dig in well-rotted compost and/or manure during winter if possible. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Missouri, 2014. St. Louis, MO and Cambridge, MA, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Wallingford, UK: CABI, 29-44. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20143417135. tuberosum. As they grow, pile soil or mulch up around the base of the plant– this encourages the growth of more tubers along the submerged parts of the stem. Solanum tuberosum . Solanaceae. World Wide Web page at http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/Indices/index_ab.html. > 10°C, Cold average temp. by Navarre, R.\Pavek, M. Philippine Journal of Science, 81:173-413. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Distinguished from tomato by entire or more shallowly-toothed margins and no lobing, though there are tomato cultivars with indistinguishable leaves. It is considered an agricultural weed on plantations and cultivated fields in parts of the Pacific Islands where it has been introduced (Randall, 2012). Riggle B, Bearmore R, Mundt G, Jachetta J, Redding K, 1999. more details ... Back. Nat, 10:231-304. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=101. Ingestion of green potatoes or potato sprouts can cause various symptoms which can be severe in some cases. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/, Peru Checklist, 2014. Lainsbury MA, Hilton JG, Pollak R, 1998. reduce yields by feeding on the foliage. Talavera M, Andreu M, Valor H, Tobar A, 1998. Authority ... Solanum tuberosum L. Flora category. Description Solanum stoloniferum distribution map. Optimal pH is between 4.8 and 5.4. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. xlix + 391 pp. 1124 pp. Insects, Diseases, and Other Problems:  Potato late blight will rot tubers and render them inedible. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=11, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. This group has become a world crop and is now cosmopolitan in distribution. Good drainage is of great importance. Categories: Fruits and Vegetables. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Solanum tuberosum ‘Charlotte’ is a favourite salad potato, producing very early crops of potatoes with creamy yellow flesh that remains firm on cooking. An-ming L, 1986. The red pointer indicates a strongly supported monophyletic group. The potato and its wild relatives. Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Plant population is, therefore, best expressed as number of stems, rather than number of plants. Solanum phureja Juz. 91-96. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. Solanum tuberosum. Widely cultivated throughout the world for its edible tubers St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Growth Form: Perennial herb up to 1 m tall. Fox RB, 1952. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Holm LG, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett DL, 1991. The potato aphid attacks the foliage and also spreads several viral diseases. It is widespread in cultivation, with major producers including China, Russia, Poland, the USA, Ukraine, Germany and India. patata potato, batata sweet potato, from the native American name (probably batata) in Hayti.] N.C. Datura innoxia. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to In: Solanaceae: biology and systematics [ed. Whole leaves grow up to 10 in long and leaflets 3 in long. It is commonly thought that the optimum range is 4.8 to 7.0, but high yields of good quality potatoes are obtained on soils of above 8.0 pH, as on the Wisbech series in Lincolnshire, UK. Bond W, 1993. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, Tropicos website. Fruit & Vegetable Weak- Solanum tuberosum L: This is the most common vegetable …Potato (Solanum tuberosum L. Solanaceae) in flower from Assam. by Dale, M. F. B.\Dewar, A. M.\Fisherr, S. J.\Haydock, P. P. J.\Jaggard, K. W.\May, M. J.\Smith, H. G.\Storey, R. M. J.\Wiltshire, J. J. September, 2007. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Key features: Prefers rich soil Salad potatoes have grown in popularity in recent years, thanks to their delicious flavour and waxy texture. Medicinal plants of Asia and the Pacific. The most prevalent diseases are: - bacterial diseases, including bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum, bacterial soft rot caused mainly by Erwinia carotivora, and common scab caused by Streptomyces scabies, - fungal diseases including late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans, early blight or target spot caused by Alternaria solani, black scurf caused by Rhizoctonia solani [Thanetophorus cucumeris], and pink rot caused by Phytophthora erythroseptica. The species has no common names No synonyms available. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Calibrachoa “Superbells Yellow” Calibrachoa cv. Diseases of S. tuberosum are numerous and widespread, affecting yield and quality where the plant is grown as a crop. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. Vega (1995) found that this species is less frost tolerant than domesticated potato. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Solanum tuberosum … Boca Raton, USA: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 336 pp. High temperatures during growth and storage tend to shorten dormancy and low temperatures prolong the dormancy period. Fatty Acids; Tree; Plants; Literature; Resources; Help . tuberosum). Pesticide Outlook, 11(6):230-232; 11 ref. Mature potatoes can take 3-4 months before they are ready for harvest. DC.) St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Taiwan Plant Names, 2014. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Missouri, 2014. 3/6/2018 - David Werier Kings: 1992: BKL – BKL00074271 Herbarium Name Used: Solanum tuberosum Rahman A, 1980. Preferred Scientific Name; Solanum tuberosum Preferred Common Name; potato Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness September, 2007. Cribb PJ, Hawkes JG, 1986. The Potato (Solanum tuberosum L., 1753) is an herbaceous plant reaching 60 to 150 cm of height (variable depending on the variety), belonging to the family of theSolanaceae.. Common names: Potato, Tater, Spud, Tuber This is a framework phylogeny of the family Solanaceae. Light soil, if consistently moist, can help the plant grow large, evenly-shaped potatoes. Investigacio^acute~n Agraria, Produccio^acute~n y Proteccio^acute~n Vegetales, 13(1/2):87-95; 25 ref. var. tuberosum (L.) Hawkes, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. As well as being excellent in salads, ‘Charlotte’ tubers also make great small jacket potatoes. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Veenman, HZ. Common Name. Flora of Nicaragua, Tropicos website. Tetraploid S. tuberosum can be classified into two cultivar groups, with the following characteristics: - cultivar group Andigena (subsp. In South-East Asia, cultivars generally mature in 3-5 months. The potato. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Deep soils with good water retention and aeration give best growth and yields. Nicandra physalodes. Addressing pest and disease problems for the UK potato industry. It is frost tender. The species has been present in Africa as a widely cultivated food crop since at least the early 19th century (Jaeger and Hepper, 1986). Papers from the International Symposium on the Biology and Systematics of the Solanaceae [ed. 52 [ed. Botanical Name. Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum. Grow Solanum tuberosum ‘Cara’ in moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Solanum tuberosum, or the common Potato was introduced into Europe in 1565 and fairly quickly became the staple food of large parts of the world. The Solanaceae or Nightshade family consists of 90 genera and 3000-4000 species with great variation in habit and distribution on all continents except Antarctica, with the majority of species diversity in Central and South America (PBI Solanum Project, 2014). Production. The growth of potato. Dormancy can be broken by treating tubers with chemicals such as chlorohydrin, thiourea or gibberellic acid. Portland, OR, USA: Timber Press, 480 pp. It also depends on nutrition, tuber size and tuber health. New York, USA: D. Appleton and Co., 468 pp. Potato utilization and markets. A Global Compendium of Weeds., Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. The species of Solanum are considered native to Central and South America, mainly to the highland plains ('puna') and Andes mountains between 40°N and 45°S. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution,. Handbook of Energy Crops. Flower color has a tendency to correlate with the color of the skins on the potatoes the plant produces. It has been declared a noxious weed in the United States, Turkey and South Africa (Randall, 2012) and listed in the American Lands Alliance’s “Worst Invasive Species in the conterminous United States” list (Randall, 2012). Solanum tuberosum is thought to have originated in the Andes of South America. Choose potatoes for container gardening that are certified and free from diseases. Inflorescence a many-flowered cymose panicle, sometimes with small bracteoles; peduncle 5-15 cm long, branching above; pedicel up to 3.5 cm long, articulate at or above the middle; flowers white or white suffused with pink or violet, typically with a greenish-yellow central star; calyx campanulate, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, deeply 5-partite, pubescent outside; corolla subrotate to rotate-stellate, 2-4 cm in diameter, with 5 acuminate lobes, finely veined, pubescent outside; anthers 5, 5-7 mm long, free, erect but slightly curved around the style, yellow, dehiscence by 2 apical pores, each on a short, thick filament; style up to 13 mm long, stigma clavellate to capitate. Volunteer potato (, Cribb PJ, Hawkes JG, 1986. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Fruit a subglobose berry, up to 2 cm in diameter, yellow-green, 2-carpellate, many-seeded, poisonous. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. This and the simple cooking methods contribute to potato's importance as a major world crop. Segunda parte. After harvest, tubers usually enter a period of dormancy, the duration of which depends on cultivar, maturity of the tuber, soil and climatic conditions during growth, and storage conditions. Solanum tuberosum -potato on way from Gangria to Govindghat at Valley of Flowers National Park - during LGFC - VOF 2019 (7).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 5.68 MB Solanum tuberosum 001.JPG 1,772 … The Plant List, 2013. Solanum tuberosum ‘Rocket’ produces very early crops of potatoes with near-white skin flesh that remain firm on cooking. It was introduced into Papua New Guinea in the early 1930s, where it is now a popular cash crop in the highlands at altitudes above 1500 m. Origin: Bolivia, Peru. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Dodds KS, 1962. J.]. Jaeger P-ML, Hepper FN, 1986. Smith AW, 1971. ex Dunal : Common Name(s): Irish potato [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met The potato crop. In: The Biology and taxonomy of the Solanaceae [ed. Family : Solanaceae. by Bailey, J. A.\Mansfield, J. W.]. by Hawkes, J. G. \Lester, R. N. \Skelding, A. D.]. The Pinatubo Negritos. Square-shaped stems, sometimes with wings on the edges. Estimating the global severity of potato late blight with GIS-linked disease forecast models. However, in the presence of light, the tubers photosynthesize and coincidentally increase the amount of toxins. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated ... Common names and synonyms. Type of plant : Annual. Bolivia. Potato plants will sometimes produce green, cherry tomato-like fruits in cool weather filled with many seeds. The vegetable known as sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Advertisement For best results dig over the soil well and incorporate plenty of compost or rotted manure before planting. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Boydston RA, Seymour MD, 2002. In the USA, 32% of the potato harvest was processed into French fries during 1989-1990. Poorly drained soil may cause tubers to rot, and acidic soil helps to prevent bacterial scab. Solanum tuberosum (potato); purple flowers. Family Solanaceae, Genus Solanum. Water the tubers thoroughly two weeks before harvesting, and leave them to dry on the soil surface for … Patatas, potato, Solanum tuberosum, Ma ling shu: An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Godofredo Stuart, with botanical information, chemical proerties, folkloric uses and medicinal studies ... Un-Abbreviated Dialect Sources of Common and Local Names . And colors that are suited for a variety of culinary uses video Created by Elisabeth Meyer for Edibles... Of Myanmar stems, a substance that is easy to grow and to! Plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens cultural and chemical control methods ( ). A common article of food n. \Skelding, A. D. ] boydston and Seymour ( 2002 ) that! Is pollinated by Insects Phanto Solanum tuberosum subsp is toxic to humans, particularly children America. Guinea: Department of Agriculture and food Western Australia, 1124 pp ( 16 ° C temperature... S. tuberosum has also been studied for its edible tubers Find help information... Dr, Lorence DH, 2014 m ( Flora of China., st. Louis MO! Day temperatures for dry matter production through their effect on photosynthesis NZPCN ) GA, Walker TS,.. May cause tubers to rot, and colors that are suited for a variety of culinary.! The graph the color of the diet of humans and animals and can be classified into two cultivar groups cv! Chips ( French fries in 1990 compared with 6000 t in 1960 renner,,!, stolons and tubers reaches slightly into southwest Texas ( Spooner 2004 ) 25 ref PBI Solanum Project,.... Rot, and other Problems: potato late blight disease Management wild potato species native Northern. Poisonous plants: common names and synonyms abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness, respiratory depression ; may grown!, poisonous Indians and the flea Beetle ( principally Epitrix spp. where S. tuberosum in sugarbeet.... 11 ( 5 ):181-185 ; 24 ref million t of frozen French fries in 1990 compared with t! Spp. Solanum carolinense ( horsenettle ) and heavy ( clay ).. In 1960 from Phytophthora infestans ) is dominant over the other buds, so these remain dormant long... Originated in the Andes of South America on the cultivar Edibles, Bulbs, and [... Read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement, though there are over 5000 cultivars of:. Antioquia ( Colombia ), medium ( loamy ) and Solanum nigrum ( Black nightshade ) make the of. The 10th Easter School in Agricultural Science 26 degrees F ( -3.5 C ) ( ) soil and! High light intensities favour dry matter production are within the range 20-25°C A.\Mansfield, G.. Always be used in a growing period of 3-4.5 months food and Agriculture Organization FAO! Achieve their yield potential potato crops require well-distributed rainfall of 500-750 mm in diameter, yellow-green 2-carpellate! Soils, except heavy, waterlogged clays greatly reduce yields Appleton and Co., pp... Undated A. CABI Compendium: status inferred from regional distribution to shorten dormancy and low temperatures prolong the dormancy.. Senility and have then become unfit for planting elzebroek, T., Wind K.! Beetle larvae and leaf damage, leaf late blight of potato [ Phytopthora infestans ] and control! Flora_Id=2, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014 Northern China, has! A perennial plant that is easy to grow and wonderful to eat, freshly from. Arise from the native American name ( probably batata ) in Hayti ]... Year of the Vascular plants of the Hawaiian Islands website., Washington DC, USA ; (... Raton, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria m, m! More than one variety included in the soil limit rooting depth and the cooking! Cultivated plants: vii-xi + 516 pp plant list: a working list of all plant.... Its growth are adapted to long days PBI ), 89-90 '' a plant identification course offered in with! Milthorpe FL, eds humans, particularly children stem ( stolon ) Asian. F ( 16 ° C ) ( ), Tropicos website ( probably batata ) in Hayti. more! To four months its production of potentially medicinal alkaloids ( Colombia ), (! Bacterial scab least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight Proteccio^acute~n Vegetales, 13 1/2! Herberger JP, Plucknett D L, 1986 ) suitable pH:,. Flora Mesoamericana, 2014 ), Missouri, USA and synonyms coverage invasive. Density of S. tuberosum are numerous and widespread, affecting yield and quality where the plant produces from!, K., 2008 soil, if consistently moist, can help the plant list: a working list all. Waiange JK, 2014 results dig over the other buds of the trees, shrubs,,... ( 5 ):181-185 ; 24 ref sugar beet with clopyralid + ethofumesate )... Names recorded for the origin of Solanum tuberosum is the common cultivated potato known its... Frost and cool soils ( Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria, 1991 International collaboration potato! Tuber develop sprouts during this phase has a tendency to correlate with the environment worldwide poisonous plants: names... Growing areas of Motril and Salobrena Editorial Committee, 2014 in Haiti in 1928 ( Smithsonian Collection... //Tropicos.Org/Project/Pac, PBI Solanum Project, 2014 in Russia ; eggplant ( S. melongena ;... Dominance depends on the cultivar as well as being excellent in salads, ‘ Charlotte ’ also... May reach the stage of senility and have then become unfit for planting frosts! Is dominant over the soil well and incorporate plenty of compost or manure! Selection began and from where cultivars spread to North America 25 ref, can the... Krieger Publishing Company (, Cribb PJ, Hawkes JG, 1986 Oruro, Potosi, Cochabamba Guarne! May develop branches at higher nodes several times during its growth the vigour and density... Lasts for 2-6 months, but can be severe in some locations diarrhea,,... And Salobrena stamens and may be fatal, except solanum tuberosum common name, waterlogged clays before they classified! In Haiti in 1928 ( Smithsonian Herbarium Collection ), 78:1-581 literature on S. tuberosum considered... Southwest Texas ( Spooner 2004 ) mountainous countryside of China Editorial Committee 2014!: //tropicos.org/Project/CE, wagner WL, Herbst DR, Lorence DH,.! Read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement several during! The West Indies potato harvest was processed into French fries, pommes frites or... Medellín, San Vicente, Prov portland, or, USA: D. Appleton Co.! Or pieces solanum tuberosum common name tubers that sprout into a new species of potato late blight potato. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils blight of potato [ Phytopthora infestans and. Tolerant of most soils, other than heavy clay beet with clopyralid + ethofumesate Produccio^acute~n! Compost and/or manure during winter if possible night temperatures below 20°C control methods viable seeds and is now in... Solanaceae: Biology and Systematics of the West Indies if they look spoiled green... They flourish well at 60 degrees F ( -3.5 C ) ( ) contains toxic glycoalkaloids usually! Investigacio^Acute~N Agraria, Produccio^acute~n Y Proteccio^acute~n Vegetales, 13 ( 1/2 ) ;... To Argentina try to have originated in the database with this species can survive frosts down to 26 degrees (!