Equestrian sports featured on the Olympic programme of the Paris Games in 1900, with jumping events, and were then withdrawn until the 1912 Games in Stockholm. In team competition, teams may have any blend of male and female competitors, and are not required to have minimum numbers of either gender; countries are free to choose the best riders, irrespective of gender. It takes an entire team to get one individual to these top competitions, including coaches, grooms, and veterinarians. This was intended to reduce the amount of space needed to hold an Olympic-level competition, thereby helping to ensure that the sport was not ousted by the IOC from the Olympics. Photo by Kristy Pasto/Australian Equestrian Team “The equestrian park venue is absolutely state of the art,” says Hadaway. The water was a maximum of 4 meters in width. Penalties are added to their score for knocking down an obstacle, refusal at a fence or exceeding the optimum time. The individual winner is the combination with the lowest number of penalty points accrued across the competition. Once all teams have jumped, the medals will be decided by combining the accrued penalties of all team members. This Olympic Games was similar to the 1924 Olympics. Each jump was worth 10-point, and riders could lose points for various disobediences and mistakes: Like eventing, all horses had to carry at least 165 lbs in weight. The test length increased again to 17 minutes. Equestrian events were first held at the 1900 Paris Olympic Games, although it did not include any of the disciplines seen today. Time penalties were given for exceeding the time allowed, but no bonus points were given for being fast. Medals were awarded in three disciplines for both individual and team competitions. All horses must be at least 9. The 1948 London Olympics had 44 riders from 15 nations competing, including for the first time Brazil, Ireland, Denmark, and Finland. Collected walk, trot, and canter were required, as was extended trot posting followed by collected trot sitting. The Paralympic Games is overseen by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), with British athletes competing for the British Paralympic Association under the banner of ParalympicsGB. If a horse or rider is unable to content the final round, they will be replaced with the next best-placed combination. Phillip Dutton and Andrew Hoy remained on the team from their 1996 triumph, with 1992 Individual champion Matt Ryan and Stuart Tinney also coming in. The 1996 Games also provided a testing grounds for new methods of cooling the horses after cross-country, including misting fans, and added an additional hold during Phase C to ensure the horses were cooling properly. Day 1 was the Endurance Test, consisting of 55 km (34 mi) on roads (with a time allowed of 4 hours, giving a speed of approx. This was the first time where an extensive veterinary study was conducted in conjunction with the Games. There is no jump-off in this round, and competitors must complete the course within the specified time or accrue time penalties. If a qualified combination has to drop out before the individual final, the space will be filled by the next best-placed rider. 31 riders from 8 countries competed. Aug 13, 2016 - Explore Emma Smith's board "Olympic equestrian team" on Pinterest. The 18-obstacle course consisted of 20 jumping efforts. In 1952, however, all men were permitted to compete in all equestrian disciplines, and women were permitted to compete in Dressage. All competitors contest the first round, which acts as a qualifier for the individual final. The 1948 Games had 46 entrants, including competitors from Argentina, Portugal, and Brazil. It was not until 1924, after Argentina sent a team to Paris, that the gold changed hands. However, half-pass, renvers, canter pirouettes, and tempi changes were included, with the highest coefficient on the one-tempis. Grand Prix Jumping, which was similar to today's show jumping event, for which 45 competitors entered, though only 37 competed. Access official Olympic photos, video clips, records and results for the top Equestrian / Jumping medalists in the event team mixed. Competitors tackle a course of around 40 solid obstacles, which can include logs, ditches, water, drops and corners. The 1912 Stockholm Olympics held the first Olympic dressage competition, featuring 21 riders from 8 countries (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States). The Roycroft family has also been prominent in Olympic equestrian. These three disciplines would be held at every Summer Olympic Games through to the present day. The test was similar to that used for the 1920 Games. Equestrian is the only sport in which men and women compete as equals in all events. There was a 3-minute time limit, again rewarding speed with an extra 1/2-point for every second under the time, adding 1/4-point for every second over. In 1964, when women were first permitted to compete in Olympic eventing, the U.S. fielded the first eventing team to include a woman, Lana DuPont, who contributed to a Team Silver medal-win. Seven judges mark the test from different points around the arena, which measures 60m x 20m. The maximum height allowed on today's course has remained at 1.6 meters (5.3 feet), width is a maximum of 2 meters (6.7 feet) for oxers and 2.2 meters (7.2 feet) for triple bars. PICTURED: The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh in the box with members of the Swedish Royal Family during the event. For example, a percentage score of 70.00% becomes a penalty score of 30.00. The individual competition was again made up of competitors from only Belgium, France, and Sweden, with Belgium's M. Bouckaert winning gold medal, and the silver and bronze medals going respectively to France's M. Fields and M. Finet. These scores help determine the individual medalists. There is no maximum age. Trissino and Oreste won the silver, clearing 5.70 meters, and M. de Bellegarde of France won the bronze with the 5.30 meter jump by his mount Tolla. A few changes were made, however. “The facilities at Baji Koen, which were the site of the equestrian [competition] during the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, have had extensive upgrades, and it is newly refurbished for the Tokyo 2020 Games. Also during this time was an extensive study performed on the event horses at the Games to study the effects of heat and different methods of cooling. The showjumping competition is contested over several rounds to decide team and individual honours. Eventing is a three-phase competition that's often likened to a triathlon. It disappeared until 1912, but has appeared at every Summer Olympic Games since. The 30 best-placed combinations after the qualifying round will go through to the individual final, although the number can be increased if there’s a tie for 30th place. The top 13 of this group then goes onto the Grand Prix Freestyle (first introduced at the 1996 Olympics), which is written by each individual rider according to strict guidelines, and set to music. Teams are made up of three horse and rider combinations, plus one reserve combination who can be substituted in during the competition provided certain criteria is met. The International Governing Body for equestrian sports is the Fédération Équestre Internationale (FEI). 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