The Police and Border Guard Board is responsible for processing applications and enquiries concerning Estonian citizenship. Join our community to discover your new life abroad. There is a clear focus on, As early as the 90s, the government placed a high priority on the internet being accessible in all schools. They have successfully created a digitized state and built online communities for over a decade. Importantly, you must show that your clients and income come from outside the country. However, recent political shifts provide an opportunity for change. Estonian e-citizenship isn’t coming anytime soon. As an Estonian citizen, you will have: the right to vote in Estonia, the right to run as a candidate in all elections and referendums in Estonia, the right to diplomatic protection by the state of Estonia while abroad, all the rights of an EU citizen, incl. You can do all of this over the internet without ever visiting the country. [7] Alternatively they are entitled to naturalise as citizens and receive an Estonian passport, and more than half have opted to do so since 1992. [18], Duties and rights of Estonian citizenship, European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, "Birth of a State: Formation of Estonian Citizenship (1918–1922)", The Policy of Immigration and Naturalization in Russia: Present State and Prospects, Tänasest saab välismaalase passiga Schengeni ruumis viisavabalt reisida, Third report on Estonia (2005) — see Paragraph 129, 132, Second Opinion on Estonia, Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, 2005 — see Para. In some countries (eg. To explore the best working holiday visa programs around the world, please see our article. Today, there are almost 20,000 e-Estonians (19,655 to be exact) already registered through the e-Residency Program. Please contact us to share your Expat story here. Accordingly, you can apply for residency through your spouse, which will allow you to live and work in the country. visa-free travel within the EU and in many other countries, It is easy to understand why many digital entrepreneurs and startup founders want to immigrate to this beautiful country. Estonia’s citizenship policy evolved in tandem with the restoration of the independent Estonian state. The country is a full member of the European Union, with all its rights and privileges of living, working, and travelling in the region. Visa requirements for Estonian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Estonia. If your parents revoked your citizenship before you were 18, you could apply to have the citizenship reinstated. If your spouse is a citizen or permanent resident of Estonia, you are eligible for temporary residence. To become a citizen, Estonian language proficiency, passiung an exam of the Constitution and the Citizenship Law, a permanent legal income (€ 260 / month) and loyalty to the Estonian state are all required. You don’t have to be born in the country to inherit citizenship from one of your parents. Estonian citizenship is acquired at birth by a child, where at the moment of his/her birth at least one of the child’s parents is an Estonian citizen. You can also use the most convenient Embassy or Consulate-General to apply for your ID-card. Becoming an E-Resident allows anyone the chance to succeed as an entrepreneur, no matter their location or country of origin. If one or both of your parents were citizens of Estonia at the time of your birth, you are probably also a citizen. programs around the world, please see our article. In Estonia, citizenship law is regulated by the Citizenship Act enacted in January 1995 and based on the principle of ius sanguinis. You’ll need to show that your business is capable of being run from anywhere. In keeping with the policy drive to modernize, this includes the innovative Estonia e-Residency program. This development is reflected in the Legatum Prosperity Index ranking it as the 21st most prosperous nation in the world. For freelancers and digital nomads, e-residency and an ID-card may be the virtual visa you need to make your business location independent. Estonia is creating a borderless digital society for global citizens as the first country to offer e-Residency. As a part of the e-Estonia initiative, healthcare and education systems have become digitized, again using your ID-card. An applicant may be granted citizenship of the Slovak Republic, provided that he has an eight-year uninterrupted permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic immediately preceding submission of the application for Slovak citizenship. An open market economy and progressiveness have made the country an exciting and attractive place for Expats, digital nomads and the business-minded. 'Undefined citizenship' (Estonian: kodakondsuseta isik, Russian: негражданин) is a term used in Estonia to denote a post-Soviet form of statelessness. Application letter with a request to grant you Latvian citizenship. After five years, you can apply for residency, and then after another three years, you can apply for citizenship. Estonian citizenship can be acquired by naturalisation and can be restored to persons who have lost their Estonian citizenship while being minor. There is an Estonian visa for most people looking to relocate, including digital nomads, startup founders, and Expats. As of 7 July 2020, Estonian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 179 countries and territories, ranking the Estonian passport 13th in the world according to the Henley Passport Index. The Police and Border Guard Board[1] (Estonian: Politsei- ja Piirivalveamet) is responsible for processing applications and enquiries concerning Estonian citizenship. Tallinn Circuit Court on Thursday repealed the ruling of an administrative court according to which the Police and Border Guard Board (PPA) was obligated to grant a residence permit to a woman of U.S. citizenship married to an Estonian woman, stating that a marriage between two people of the same sex is not valid in Estonia. After eight years of residency, you are eligible for Estonia citizenship and an Estonia passport. After five years, you can apply for residency, and then after another three years, you can apply for citizenship. A Transnational marriage, is a marriage between two people from different countries. Children born to parents, at least one of whom was an Estonian citizen at the time of birth (regardless of the place of birth) are automatically considered Estonian citizens by descent. The policy has been so successful that Forbes called it “the most digitally advanced society in the world”. Applications for marriage can be obtained at the Vital Statistics Office, (in Estonian – Perekonnaseisuamet). The country does not allow dual citizenship so, you must decide to relinquish your citizenship from your country of origin. They ensured computer access and the internet for all students in an infrastructure project called. First, you need a confirmation letter from your host. As early as the 90s, the government placed a high priority on the internet being accessible in all schools. Individuals wishing to get married in Lithuania need to fill out the required forms and submit them along with their passport, birth certificate, and required documents (listed below) to the Civil Registry office (Marriage Palace). They went so far as to write into law that internet access is a fundamental human right. WC2H 9JQ. Resolution Concerning the Citizenship of the Democratic Republic of Estonia, the first Estonian citizenship law was adopted by the Estonian National Council on 26 November 1918. Public transport is free for registered residents in the capital city Tallinn. is necessary and related to the business investment. There are several ways people can become legal residents of Latvia, including by way of marriage with a citizen, by finding work here, joining a monastery, or investing in the Latvian economy. This site uses cookies to ensure an amazing experience! It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The case of the Rutto family from Abkhazia, who lost their claim to Estonian citizenship following a recent Supreme Court ruling, has brought the issue of Estonian citizenship back into the media. becoming a naturalized citizen. This residence permit leads to eligibility for a permanent residency and access to an ID-Card. You can apply for an Estonian passport through the Embassy or Consulate-General nearest to you. A certificate proving absence of Estonian citizenship . The Estonia Startup Visa program has a definition for a startup. For more options to live and work in Europe, please see our article here. Your marriage to an EU citizen means nothing unless you’ve already went through the residency procedure and received and EU passport. A minimum of five years of marriage is required to qualify for citizenship. You are eligible for Estonian citizenship if you married an Estonian citizen … The conditions and procedure for the acquisition, forfeiture and restoration of Estonian citizenship are provided in the Citizenship Act. Estonia is a well-developed country with high incomes and standard of living. Please see the citizenship section above for all the details. [8], The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and UN Special Rapporteur on racism Doudou Diène recommend to Estonia simplifying naturalization generally or for the elderly and economically marginalized, as well as encouraging registration of children born in Estonia after 1991 as its citizens. The policy has been so successful that Forbes called it “the, most digitally advanced society in the world. Link; Shaik May 6, 2012, 3:13 am. In 2017, the Estonian nationality is ranked twenty-first in the Nationality Index (QNI). You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The government is actively recruiting entrepreneurs and startup founders to become a part of a country with an exciting technology-driven future. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Estonian citizenship, residency and visas, People come here to take advantage of the business-friendly environment. “A business with the goal to develop and launch an innovative and repeatable business model with great global growth potential.”. Dual Citizenship Latvia Restricted. Article 2 of the Act provides for a number of special cases under which Latvian citizenship can be acquired or re-acquired. Estonia Citizenship that was lost as a minor, Estonia Citizenship Through Naturalization. This identity allows all citizens to use a digital signature using their ID-card, Mobile-ID or Smart-ID. Estonia citizenship and passport are highly sought after. Italian Citizenship through Marriage — documents you need. For example, you can file your tax return online in 10 minutes and register your company in less time. They have successfully created a digitized state and built online communities for over a decade. If you want to bring your Latvian spouse or partner to live in Canada, you must then file a sponsorship application for them to become a permanent resident. It doesn’t matter whether you were born inside or outside Estonia. A person who married an Estonian citizen before 26 February 1992 is eligible for Estonian citizenship. The figure is reduced to €16,000 if you are a sole proprietor. Children born in Estonia are eligible for Estonian citizenship if at least one parent holds Estonian citizenship at the time of birth. Estonian immigration law does not allow dual citizenships. [17] Holders of Estonian alien's passport face different visa requirements. A marriage is contracted by the free and complete consent of the man and woman who intend to enter into marriage (the fiancés), declaring that they are entering into marriage. You need two things to apply for a long-stay visa. This development is reflected in the Legatum Prosperity Index ranking it as the, The government is actively recruiting entrepreneurs and startup founders to become a part of a country with an exciting technology-driven future. According to Peter Van Elsuwege, a scholar in European law at Ghent University, a number of historic precedents support this, most notably the case of Alsace-Lorraine when France on recovering the territory in 1918 did not automatically grant French citizenship to German settlers despite Germany having annexed the territory 47 years earlier in 1871. You may be eligible for citizenship if you have spent five years as a permanent resident, or eight years as a resident. You must have a parent that is a citizen. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. opportunities in Europe and around the world, please read our in-depth article here. There are steps to becoming a naturalized citizen. Retirement Visas: Here are the best opportunities in the world, Immigrate to Estonia. They went so far as to write into law that internet access is a fundamental human right. Restorationist independence guaranteed citizenship only to those citizens of restored pre-Soviet Estonia (and their descendants), not all Soviet citizens living on Estonian territory. The government innovation mindset was shown in the Hack the Crisis event response to the to Covid-19 pandemic. Estonia is a part of the Schengen area and for some countries you will need to get a Schengen visa to visit. With this identification, you can open bank accounts, sign documents, open a company, and more. Citizenship law is regulated by the Latvian Citizenship Act of 1994, as amended in 2013. Civil marriage. (Sec. For those with an entrepreneurial spirit, this is a country of ideas and opportunities. To live in Estonia for longer than six months as a non-EU and EEA citizen, you will need a residence permit. Estonian citizenship by marriage. Most transactions can be done by phone, and free Wi-Fi is widely available. In order to marry a citizen of Estonia, you must demonstrate to the Estonian government that you are eligible to do so. Thousands of peopl, If you have used our moving abroad checklist, you know there are numerous tasks to deal with when planning your move. In fact, as of 2018, 54.2% of the population were under the age of 44. In addition, you need to show that your Estonian. Documents referring to Estonian citizenship for the period from 1918 to 1940 can be obtained from: Registers of Births, Deaths and Marriages (birth certificates, certificates of marriage and divorce, certificates on changing names, etc. The filled out applications should be submitted to the same address. The resultant user-friendly interface places the country as the most advanced digital society in the world. It has the third-highest number of startups per inhabitant in Europe. 3) were entered in the parish registers or originated from the territory of Estonia, resided in Estonia legally for at least eight years and, of that, have spent the last five years with permanent residence in Estonia. Estonia’s policy approach is an “achilles’ heel” for the Baltic region. Moving abroad: Your moving abroad checklist, International moving companies: Everything you need to know, Expat Health Insurance: How to choose and save money. Those seeking to become Estonian citizens via naturalisation are required to fulfill the following criteria: Those who have committed serious crimes or are foreign military personnel on active duty are ineligible to seek naturalisation as an Estonian citizen. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. take an examination demonstrating familiarity with the Estonian Constitution, Male Estonian citizens are required to take up, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 09:24. This index differs from the Visa Restrictions Index, which focuses on external factors including travel freedom. Estonian citizenship and passport are attractive as the nation is a full member of the European Union. It is essential to do your resear, Where Can I Live Ltd. regardless of their ethnicity and faith were proclaimed Estonian citizens. Additionally, it must contribute significantly to the development of the business environment in Estonia.​ If your startup meets these criteria, you can apply for an Estonia Startup Visa to move to Estonia to live and work. Client information 612 3000 | Politsei- ja Piirivalveamet | Pärnu mnt. The government brought together thought leaders from IT companies and innovative online healthcare organizations available in the country. The registrations opened in late 2015 and although the sign-up rate averages around 150 applicants per week, there have been spikes of 800 new e-residents in just 7 days! According to law, acquiring a foreign citizenship voluntarily and entering into a military or civilian service for another state constitute forfeiture of Estonian citizenship. E-Residency is a transnational digital identity that anyone in the world can apply for to obtain access to a platform built on inclusion, legitimacy and transparency. An Estonian alien's passport allows visa-free travel within Schengen treaty countries for a maximum of 90 days in a 6-month period. Once this residence visa is issued, there is no restriction on the holder or their family living and working in Estonia.