2011. Mass migration is hardly new in the Americas. Irregular Migration & Return . Available Online. Case study Ecuador. 2011. Chile, Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Spain, Ministerio de Seguridad Social. Available Online. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Ecuadorians remain an important immigrant group in Italy. Both countries have experienced mass emigration in recent decades. Despite the importance of international migration, estimates of between-country migration flows are still imprecise. With a population of 91,145 in 2014 they constitute the second largest Latin American immigrant group behind Peruvians, and the 13th-largest national group overall. Second it does so in a comparative empirical perspective, focusing on remittance behaviour in two contrasting settings, Albania and Ecuador. Within two years Ecuadorian migration diversified radically and a “new emigration” formed. The program Plan [email protected] A Casa: Por un regreso voluntario, digno y sostenible (Welcome Home: for a voluntary, dignified and sustainable return) was implemented by SENAMI and encouraged return migration for families by helping with their transition. 2014. A significant stream of remittances has flowed to Ecuador, the result of family commitments and plans for an anticipated return. Kyle, David. Roberts, Lois J. EMIGRATION AND ITS ECONOMIC IMPACT ON EASTERN EUROPE 6 INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND INTRODUCTION 1. Emigrants came from every province, and were more urban and better educated; they also came from various ethnicities, including members of the Saraguro and Otavalo indigenous groups. The author is grateful for the assistance of Seaira Christian-Daniels on this article. The Case of Ecuadorians in Europe. Feinstein International Center. This is a country report on Ecuador for the Migration Policy Institute. Between 400,000 and 500,000 Ecuadorians were estimated to live in the United States in 2003; nearly 500,000 were estimated to live in Spain in 2005. Return migration as a consequence of the economic crisis in the Northern countries have stirred intense political and academic interest. Between 2008 and 2013 Spain’s family unification policy allowed nearly 157,000 Ecuadorians to join family members in the country, facilitating legal residence and thus Spanish nationality (see Table 3). Research paper 217, UNHCR Policy Development and Evaluation Service, Washington, DC. Labor Force Survey (EPA). Though Colombians displaced by a decades-long civil war found a welcome refuge in Available Online. Santiago: Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. The importance of remittances to the Ecuadorian economy, measured as percent of gross domestic product (GDP), has fluctuated based on the strength of the Ecuadorian economy; total remittances have held steady at about $2.5 billion since 2010, but as oil revenues have increased, the relative contribution to the overall economy has declined to about 3 percent. Reminiscences, patriotism, participation: approaching external voting in Ecuadorian immigration to Italy. Over the past years, IOM Ecuador has been implementing programs for refugee resettlement, cultural orientation for refugees, labour migration, programs to Many return migrants to southern Ecuador re-migrated to the United States after their economic enterprises failed or when they could not earn what they were accustomed to in the United States. 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