In the early years after Indian independence, many name changes were effected in northern India for English spellings of Hindi place names that had simply been romanised inconsistently by the British administration – such as the British spelling "Jubbulpore," renamed "Jabalpur" (जबलपुर) among the first changes in 1947. The are a number of reasons why Calcutta changed its name to Kolkata. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. The name change is rather conveniently timed for the state's ruling communists, just weeks before India's general elections and at a time when Calcuttans may be losing faith in the cosmopolitanism that has defined the city. To stand shorn of the colonial legacy is not that simple.". It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. . Since 1760, the street has seen several name changes as Calcutta consistently swelled and developed into a larger metropolis. I was enchanted. Aside from changes to the official English spellings of local names there have also been renaming proposals to realign the official name, hence the English name with an alternative local name. It didn't really affect us much. Get information on Kolkata (Calcutta) Travel Guide - Expert Picks for your Vacation hotels, restaurants, entertainment, shopping, sightseeing, and activities. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the old name. He does, liberally, along with Bertrand Russell, George Bernard Shaw, John Ruskin and other friends of the British working and intellectual classes whom Mr Haque absolves of responsibility for the colonial era. Ambuja Neotia Vista Hotel: I've tried many in Kolkata - This is my favorite - See 2,305 traveler reviews, 764 candid photos, and great deals for Ambuja Neotia Vista Hotel at Tripadvisor. Calcutta - Kolkata debate . On June 20 1756, on the last night before the monsoon, 43 of the 64 British prisoners locked in a room at Fort William by the young nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daula, died of heat prostration, and another legend was born: the black hole of Calcutta. I can quote Shelley," says the former Maoist guerrilla. The country's culture hub, Calcutta or 'Cal' adopted its Bengali name Kolkata officially in 2001. In 2001, India’s ‘Cultural Capital’ Calcutta was renamed Kolkata “in order to match Bengali pronunciation”. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. Still, it was not bad. [6], Official name changes take place quickly if not immediately in official government sources. The change was finally approved on December 23, 2000 15 and ended up being more drastic than anticipated. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. … It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. It was not technically true. This makes it the third largest city of India. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. Experts fear the move will not only erode the IIM-C brand value, but also confuse applicants and employers since IIM Kozhikode is also popularly known as IIM-K. Similarly, Bombay, which was always called Mumbai in Marathi, was restored to Mumbai in 1996, and Pondicherry to Puducherry (meaning New Town). Best Kolkata (Calcutta) B&Bs on Tripadvisor: Find 2,202 traveler reviews, 1,878 candid photos, and prices for 465 bed and breakfasts in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. The most notable exceptions are Indian English spelling-changes of Orissa to Odisha (March 2011)[1] and the union territory of Pondicherry (which includes the city of Pondicherry) to Puducherry. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (IATA: CCU, ICAO: VECC) is an international airport located in Dum Dum, West Bengal, India, serving the Kolkata metropolitan area.It is located approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre. Ethnically sensitive examples include the proposals by the Bharatiya Janata Party (1990, 2001) to rename Ahmedabad to Karnavati[5] and Allahabad to Prayagraj, the latter finally being officially adopted in 2018. Firstly, the city has always been pronounced Kolkata by the Bengalis. The confusion inherent in such variations has often resulted in serious consequences like people having two "different" addresses (theoretically designating the same place) in their official records leading to legal disputes, or one house having residents of different house addresses due to differing place names. Well, for all those need a little brush-up, let us tell you about the origin of Kolkata as briefly as possible. Many people argue that such confusion can lead to indeterminate and/or unintended consequences.[2]. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. But the British called it Calcutta. Here are some of the most popular theories regarding the origins of the name of India’s City of Joys. The area also was named after him and later the name was changed to the current one. Trivandrum, the state capital, became Thiruvanthapuram and Calicut became Kozhikode, which was its name when Vasco da Gama sighted the land in 1498, • The southern city of Madras reverted to Chennai , its name when the British East India Company established a trading post there in 1639, • When Bombay became Mumbai in 1996, the state threatened to prosecute any business that did not change its signs. The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. (The full text of the announcement reads: "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkatta'(sic)." A few months ago, the state government introduced the use of Bengali for official work and is to begin phasing out English. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. The city so redolent of the Raj has tossed away the stain of its imperial past along with its name (it hopes), and from next month will be known by its Bengali equivalent: Kolkata. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. At this time, for example, Travancore-Cochin was renamed Kerala. Firmly believing in the adage "the more the merrier," the state will be called Bangla in Bengali, Bengal in English and Bangal in Hindi. Town names that derive from ancient names: Several other changes have been proposed for states and towns. To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. Yet, here we are again going back to the roots with the 16th-century old Kalikatta. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name; Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name Kolkata’s decision to rename Park Street after Mother Teresa is a perplexing one, since she had little to do with the thoroughfare and its environs, but the street’s name change is hardly a new occurrence. I tried to avoid changing "Kolkata" to "Calcutta" in proper names. • The southern state of Kerala led the way in changing place names to remove the colonial influence. These changes did not generate significant controversy. There are also plans to change other anglicised place names. A recent report from the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority says ethnic Bengalis now account for only 57% of the city's inhabitants, and that has generated concern among the self-appointed guardians of the local culture and language. Haris … Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. We were used to calling it Kolkata in Bengali and Calcutta in English, and we switched between both names with as much fluency as we switched between those two languages. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. This also makes it the world's 8th largest metropolitan area as defined by the United … The renaming of states and territories in India has also taken place, but until the 2010s with actual substantial name changes in both local language and in English such as the old British state name of Travancore-Cochin to Kerala (1956). An example is the change from English "Calcutta" to English "Kolkata" – the local Bengali name (কলকাতা Kôlkata) did not change. Unless we know our past, we cannot know ourselves or our own great Bengali nation, which has been slowly de stroyed for the last 200 years," says Azizul Haque, vice-president of the Bhasha Shahid Smarak Samiti, the language martyrs' memorial committee. Kolkata was officially called Calcutta until 2001. Celebrations in Kolkata have come under the scanner of the Calcutta high court, even as some major cities in India have put restrictions to control the crowd on the night of … The plea sought directions to authorities concerned to cancel the notification, if any, whereby Kolkata Port Trust has been renamed and, in case, there is a change of name… Only the high court retains the old name today, The fomer capital of British India is the latest city to cast off its imperial past by changing its title. The name was changed by an act of the Indian parliament in 1997. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. Post-independence, the name Calcutta carried on till 2000 until the resolution was passed. Last time it happened was back in 2001 when the British named Calcutta was renamed into Kolkata by the government. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. The former capital of British India is the third metropolis in less than four years to change its name, much to the disgust of the Statesman newspaper, itself a 111-year-old relic of the Raj. There are two main views on the etymology of the name Hatibagan. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. Hati means elephant, bagan means garden. 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