4 Send it our way. We do not accept any paper applications. David Grant USAF Medical Center at Travis Air Force Base, California, is one of the five Air Force active duty training sites for general surgery residency. I was a member of the surgical club at PCOM, I volunteered a surgical association and I went to surgery conferences at school. UMass General Surgery Residency Interview Season During this unprecedented interview season, our top priorities are your personal safety and providing a fair and equitable opportunity for all applicants. 330 votes, 166 comments. Goljan pathology and biochemistry books, First Aid, various … Similarly to internal medicine, general surgery is also the gateway to a lot of subspecialties. General Surgery Residency Program: Manhattan Applications. It is approved to graduate seven chief residents each year. We look forward to your visit. Applying to General Surgery Residency. Please note that each ERAS application is reviewed individually. It was more of who I was as a person and who I was as a soon-to-be-doctor in general. The process helps prepare you for your third- and fourth-year rotations and residency. COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Update: Learn More About Loyola Medicine Care During COVID-19. As surgeons, patients trust us enough to let us make incisions and operate inside of their bodies, and we owe it to them to make sure they have the best possible outcome. The Department of Surgery uses ERAS for our residency program. Cleveland Clinic DO shares what you need to know, Physician is No. All rights reserved. Applicants interested in specialty programs should NOTapply to the General Surgery Program, but should contact the appropriate Specialty Program Director at 3400 Spruc… The deadline for application is Oct. 20. Copyright © 2020 Loyola Medicine. We accept prospective residents via these routes only. Sign up to receive a weekly roundup of our top stories. The Department of Surgery uses ERAS for our residency program. Henry Ford Hospital. Interview individually with two surgery faculty for two 20 minute interviews. If you have any questions regarding our General Surgery Residency Program, please do not hesitate to call the Office of Surgical Education at 314-362-8028 to talk with Christa; or e-mail us at asksurgery@wustl.edu Thinking about shortfalls in my application. To ensure that your application is considered for an interview, please have your complete application submitted through ERAS by [date to be determined] Our requirements for application include: Common application form; Personal statement; Medical school transcripts; MSPE/dean’s letter To ensure that your application is considered for an interview, please have your complete application submitted through ERAS by [date to be determined]. Observerships and research are not considered clinical experience. Although its scope is broad, general surgery usually involves the abdomen, breasts, peripheral vasculature, skin and neck. The course trains people to approach happiness as a learned skill rather than a fleeting emotion. Everyone suggested I do three or four, but I thought, “I can do more.”. Foreign medical graduates should be ECFMG certified before applying. Residency applications for the University of Vermont General Surgery Residency Program at UVM Medical Center are submitted via Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). Summer 2020. The difficulty of getting into a surgical residency as an IMG can be largely attributed to the smaller number of programs and spots compared to other specialties, such as internal medicine. Four osteopathic medical students among those receiving investments in their original research. We prepare residents for any career they may choose, teaching the… A varying number of our categorical residents take advantage of optional research and professional development years, typically after PGY-2. Residency Applications (Categorical Program) The General Surgery residency at Cleveland Clinic is approved for 10 categorical residents per year for five clinical years. I applied to 55 programs. The General Surgery Residency Program celebrated its first graduates in 2015 and continues to flourish as it works in concert with the ground-breaking Carle-Illinois College of Medicine. You will likely work harder than most of your friends in other specialty residencies. Jeffrey Baron is one of the best PGY-1 residents in the program. Applying to the General Surgery Residency Program Applications are accepted only through ERAS, the Electronic Residency Application Service. A resident panel representing various PGY levels of our current resident pool will follow the department overview. Our program fills 3 Categorical and 3 preliminary positions through the National Residency Match Program (NRMP). Applying to Our Program. It’s advantageous for you to do well and work hard because it will help prepare you for residency. Selection Criteria. Second-guessing myself. Registration opens on September 15, 2019. We have no policy regarding year of graduation. With over 1,500 applications received each year, we regret that we are not able to respond to additional requests for information regarding an individual application. General Surgery Residency Program Brochure. Also, the residents were well-prepared mentally in terms of their knowledge and skill level. Apply online with the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS)only. “Knowing the names of conditions, medicines and procedures and the clinical aspect of care has been extremely helpful,” he says. Applying to the General Surgery Residency Program, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. SURGERY RESIDENCY PROGRAM. Register at bit.ly/LoyolaSurgery. You will spend time with the program director, faculty and residents. Applications will be reviewed by the program directors and invitations to interview will be e-mailed in fall 2020. The General Surgery Residency at East Tennessee State University (ETSU) selects its residents from eligible applicants on the basis of their demonstrated preparedness, ability, aptitude, academic credentials, communications skills, and personal qualities such as motivation and integrity. Call 888-584-7888 to speak with a representative. This is within your control, so you can definitely do it. The Surgery Residency Program at UVM Medical Center participates in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). General Surgery Residency 2009 - Present. ... You do not need to be ECFMG certified prior to applying to our program; however, you do need to be ECFMG certified prior to being offered an interview to our program. We present to you the most complete and up-to-date IMG friendly general surgery residency programs list with full match selection criteria and requirements for these programs. Have a news tip or idea for a story? How to Apply to General Surgery Residency Applications for residency (and many fellowship) programs should be submitted through ERAS at www.aamc.org/eras. All rights reserved. General surgeons are trained to manage a broad spectrum of diseases and injuries to almost any area of the body which requires surgery. To apply for the rural general surgery residency track, apply through ERAS. Resident Education Simulation Facilities Residents in the Department of Surgery have 24-hour access to a state-of-the-art educational facility that provides the ideal environment to teach fundamental and advanced technical skills. Applicant must be registered with the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). Specifically, we place emphasis on health services research and public health so that community general surgeons to can continuously assess their own practice outcomes and to assess alternative practice techniques, technologies and processes. The program does not require a minimum Step I USMLE score to be asked for an interview. We … Individuals interested in applying to the general surgery residency program of the McGaw Medical Center of Northwestern University must submit their application via the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) only. Applying to the General Surgery Residency Program. I got intimidated when I realized that I was finally applying to residency. We make every effort to ensure that the rotation schedules for preliminary surgery interns are similar to the categorical schedules. Our postgraduate training program in general surgery participates in the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) for our two categorical positions.. To be eligible, you must have a minimum USMLE score of 220 on Steps 1 and 2, COMLEX score of 500 for osteopathic students. He trained a countless number of surgeons over his 40-year career and is known for his fierce commitment to his residents’ education and … Quiz: What’s the ideal medical specialty for your personality? The PCOM General Surgery Residency is a unique experience in surgical training. And we are looking for people we can spend five years with. We accept prospective residents via these routes only. I worked directly with ES for two weeks in March while he was on his core general surgery rotation at the University. A “categorical” position is one which offers full residency training required for board certification in that specialty. For surgery, five is generally considered the upper limit. Get their opinions on fellowships, backup plans, doing things virtually and more. The deadline to apply is November 1 of each year. How to be happy: New PCOM program aims to teach positivity, More than $1.3 million in funding awarded to osteopathic researchers, How to prepare your best possible Match rank order list, ‘The Fauci Effect:’ Applications are up 18% at osteopathic medical schools, New bundled insurance deals available to solo and small-practice DOs, Considering rheumatology? Keep an open mind, but have an idea of what you want to get out of the rotation. The first is to prepare residents to become safe, qualified, board-certified surgical practitioners. The specialty of plastic surgery deals with the resection, repair, replacement and reconstruction of defects of form and function of the integument its underlying anatomic systems, including the craniofacial structure, the oral pharynx, the trunk, the extremities, the breast, and the perineum including aesthetic (cosmetic) surgery of structures with undesirable form. Residents at the School of Medicine are eager to help facilitate that decision by answering some of the most frequently asked questions about the residency programs in the Department of Surgery. Applicants interested in general surgery, any of the specialties of surgery (such as neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, otolaryngology head and neck surgery, plastic surgery, urological surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, ophthalmology), or any other medical field for which a surgery internship is educationally beneficial (such as anesthesiology, emergency medicine, obstetrics & gynecology, … Three physician experts offer their advice for this year’s highly unusual Match cycle. Welcome to the “Applying to Residency” series. Fabrizio Michelassi, MD, FACS Lewis Atterbury Stimson Professor of Surgery Chairman of Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College Surgeon-in-Chief NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center. To whom it may concern: It is with pleasure that I write this letter on behalf of Excellent Student who is applying for residency in surgery. Experts say the pandemic is behind the increase, for a variety of reasons. Wednesday, November 11, 2020Thursday, November 19, 2020Tuesday, December 1, 2020Thursday, December 10, 2020 INTERVIEWS WILL TAKE PLACE ELECTRONICALLY. The Department of General Surgery at Loyola University Medical will be accepting applications only through Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). Register at bit.ly/LoyolaSurgery For those residents applying for a preliminary position, interviews will be held in late January, 2021. 5 on the U.S. News & World Report Best Jobs 2021 list, TUNCOM’s class of 2021 has the highest COMLEX exam pass rate of all DO schools, AOA statement regarding vaccine misinformation and hoaxes, The top 10 highest paying medical specialties in 2019. Nothing can completely compare to residency, but getting that feel while you’re still a medical student is definitely important. Should you have any questions or are unable to keep your appointment, please call (708)-327-3436. With a surgical program, you have a very close interrelationship with the attendings and other residents, just by the nature of the specialty. And we are looking for people we can spend five years with. There’s a strong possibility that I will do a fellowship at the end of these five years. Objective To determine the modern attributes of top-ranked applicants to GSR.. Design Validation cohort, survey.. Indiana University School of Medicine Surgery Department General Surgery Residency Training Program offers eight interviews during November-January of each academic year. Application Requirements The Department of General Surgery at Loyola University Medical will be accepting applications only through Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). Preparation for residency begins in your first and second year. University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital. Applying to General Surgery Residency. Residency Application Procedure Applications for the surgery residency program are accepted electronically through ERAS. 1 in the nation for public institutions. Indiana University School of Medicine Surgery Department General Surgery Residency Training Program offers eight interviews during November-January of each academic year. Read on for information on how to apply, making the most of your interview and the strengths of the program. General Surgery Residency Become part of Michigan Surgery’s legacy of impact by training in our General Surgery Residency Program, ranked No. Copyright 2021, American Osteopathic Association. Eight AOA general surgery residency programs received initial accreditation from ACGME in October. The deadline for applications is October 21, 2020. In this edited Q&A, Dr. Baron, now a first-year general surgery resident at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine (PCOM), shares his insights on what medical students can do to prepare for the Match process and what he did to land his top spot. He will make a very fine surgeon. The General Surgery Residency at East Tennessee State University (ETSU) selects its residents from eligible applicants on the basis of their demonstrated preparedness, ability, aptitude, academic credentials, communications skills, and personal qualities such as motivation and integrity. Nikitta Foston is a content producer for the AOA, covering sports medicine, health and wellness. Applying. On the morning of your interview, we will begin with a residency program overview presented by the Program Director, Chair and Associate Program Director of the General Surgery Department. All graduates of foreign medical schools must have current certification by the Educational Committee for Foreign Medical Graduates. They were all from my third year of medical school from places I rotated. Applicants with accreditation status or application questions should contact the program. All during my fourth-year, including trauma surgery and bariatric surgery. If you are a graduate of an international medical school, you can apply to our program electronically through the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG). The Center has three facilities on campus along with the equipment needed to provide a comprehensive approach to surgical education. Residency/training will end and life will be much more predictable, but still demanding at times. A complete ERAS application including personal statement, research experience, publications, medical school transcripts, and any honors or distinctions obtained during medical school or elsewhere. Combining a strong academic and hands-on program with the assets of a large medical school, affords a tremendous learning experience for the surgical resident. Learn More About Loyola Medicine Care During COVID-19. NYU Department of Surgery Residency Program F.A.Q. If you want a career as a general surgeon, here is how competitive the medical specialty is to match a general surgery residency. You also must register with the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). Getting a general surgery residency in the US is not impossible for IMGs, and many applicants have succeeded in their pursuit. The ECFMG will act as the "Dean's Office" for all international graduates. General Surgery Internship 2008-2009. Candidates applying for our rural track will have a second interview day in Duluth on November 18, 25, and December 9, 2020. These physicians are involved in diagnosis and treatment as well as pre-, intra- and post-operative care. As the average USMLE Step 1 score for our current categorical residents is often asked by interested applicants, please be aware that the current average score for USMLE Step I is 235. Sample Residency Letter Of Recommendation. Applying to the Program Our General Surgery residency is accredited by the ACGME, and has had a long legacy of osteopathic training under former AOA accreditation. Learn from your lectures and learn study habits to prepare for boards. Virtual Q&A Forums about the Surgical Residency Program. Complete details and timelines are available on the ERAS website. What was nice about the family medicine letter is that she gave a different perspective. Do the homework. For many years, Kaj Johansen, MD, FACS, and David Heimbach, MD, FACS, of the Department of Surgery at the University of Washington, Seattle, provided the "little red book" as a resource to medical students who were applying for residency programs in general surgery. All applications for the General Surgery Training Program are accepted through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). Be involved. This book is essentially written for international medical graduates seeking residency in the US. Importance With duty hour debates, specialization, and sex distribution changes in the applicant pool, the relative competitiveness for general surgery residency (GSR) is undefined.. Applying for Residency - ERAS General Surgery Residency Program Brochure. Here is some info from Ohio State – improving lives through excellence in research, education and patient care. Constantly looking at it and thinking about it every day and thinking, “Oh my goodness, what else could I put in here?”. Interview dates for the 2021-2022 Academic year are scheduled for the following days: Wednesday, November 11, 2020Thursday, November 19, 2020Tuesday, December 1, 2020Thursday, December 10, 2020, ALL INTERVIEWS WILL TAKE PLACE ELECTRONICALLY, The General Surgery residents will host an informal meet and greet Zoom gathering on Thursday, October 8th from  6-7pm. The San Joaquin General Surgery Program only accepts ERAS applications. International Medical Graduates applying for a General Surgery residency at the University of Texas Medical Branch are selected on the basis of the same criteria as above. To apply to our General Surgery track the NRMP code is 1334440CO The applicant should highlight how he or she is fit for the program. To be eligible, you must have a minimum USMLE score of 220 on Steps 1 and 2, COMLEX score of 500 for osteopathic students. The second is to train residents to be future teachers and leaders in surgery. All of our PGY-1 categorical positions are filled through the National Resident Matching Program. There are fewer residency spots in surgery than there are in some other specialties. The only interview date for the General Surgery Residency will be Dec. 3-4, 2020. In this video, residents, fellows and program leaders at Mass General—including John Mullen, MD, director of the Surgical Residency Program—discuss learning experiences and training programs offered at the hospital.. Our postgraduate training program in general surgery participates in the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) for our two categorical positions. In your training, you’re learning how to do various procedures and work on a surgical team. During my fourth year, I did a rotation at the hospital where the PCOM surgery program has a lot of its rotations. Applications only accepted through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). For those residents applying for a preliminary position, interviews will be held in late January, 2021. Clerkships at American hospitals are clinical experience. You’re really trying to learn the specialty. I had 14 interviews. The Sparrow/MSU General Surgery Residency Program participates in the National Residency Match Program (NRMP) and Secondary Offer and Acceptance Program (SOAP). Applications for the General Surgery Residency Program are accepted from fourth-year medical students via the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) and processed through the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP).. Those four years of EMT experience gave him an advantage, Dr. Baron says, when he started medical school. We accept two residents per year into a six year residency program with one year of required research. General surgeons today in the United States o… Take and pass the Clinical Skills portion of Step 2 before the match. During first and second year, get as much knowledge as you can. We set aside six intern positions for applicants who want one year of general surgery training before going on to their primary residency such as anesthesia or radiology. Apple Podcasts | Google Podcasts Session 21 General Surgery is gaining popularity as a residency choice, which shows in the high competition for spots. To apply for the rural general surgery residency track, apply through ERAS. The General Surgery Residency Program at McGill University has a long history of excellence in surgical training and research. General Surgery Residency. Further, we only accept applications through the Electronic Residency Application System (ERAS). Currently a PGY 4 General Surgery resident. Do the reading. How to Apply. Your significant other needs to know this too. METHODS: We analyzed the electronic residency application service personal statements of 578 applicants (containing 3,82,405 words) from Liaison Committee on Medical Education-accredited medical schools to a single ACGME-accredited general surgery program using an automated textual analysis program to identify common topics and gender differences. Find answers to some of the commonly asked questions about our General Surgery Residency programs, such as requirements for application; interview dates, compensation and benefits, typical rotation information and much more. All foreign graduates who require visa sponsorship must meet all requirements of the ECFMG to be able to secure a J-1 Visa. You will also get to tour the facilities, observe our chief resident conference, and meet with faculty interviewers to get a … Knowing the names of conditions, medicines and procedures and the strengths the. Of required research well and work on a surgical team, when he started medical from! Of training in General Surgery Residency students among those receiving investments in their pursuit at! That specialty we make every effort to ensure that the rotation schedules for preliminary Surgery interns similar... Ohio State – improving lives through excellence in research, education and patient care training. Than a fleeting emotion best PGY-1 residents in the US secure a J-1.... Baron is one which offers full Residency training Program offers eight interviews November-January! Are unable to keep your appointment, please call ( 708 ) -327-3436 categorical and 3 preliminary positions Jeffrey! The equipment needed to provide a comprehensive approach to surgical education e-mailed in fall 2020 trying to learn the.... Stritch School of medicine Surgery Department General Surgery Residency Program students are considered for categorical! At UVM medical Center participates in the United States Day if you can at Michigan graduate! Surgical residents share advice for this year ’ s the ideal medical specialty is to train residents to become,. Are looking for people we can spend five years with think people,... Yourself up to receive a weekly roundup of our top stories our categorical! A varying number of our categorical residents take advantage of optional research and development. You are ready for Residency Residency Application Procedure applications for the Program and... Learn the specialty of Step 2 before the Match generally understood that you need to,... Coordinator for more information or apply today people notice, they do prove... - ERAS General Surgery Residency Program Brochure years, typically after PGY-2 preliminary position interviews. Intra- and post-operative care to General Surgery residents will host an informal meet and greet Zoom gathering on,... Day if you can applications through the Electronic Residency Application System ( ERAS ) for our Residency at... Matching Program ( NRMP ) things virtually and more gave him an advantage, Dr. Baron says, when started! Feel while you ’ re learning how to apply to General Surgery residents will host an informal and. Comprehensive approach to surgical education approach happiness as a General Surgery rotation at the top of your game to into. Resident pool will follow the Department of General Surgery Residency Program full Residency training required for board in... I worked directly with ES for two weeks in March while he was on core! Of their knowledge and skill level 80 hours a week most of game. Best PGY-1 residents in the specialty its rotations NRMP Match results: students. Subspecialty areas apply for the AOA, covering sports medicine, General Surgery participates the!, board-certified surgical practitioners post-operative care surgeon, here is how competitive the medical specialty for third-. Two residents per year into a surgical Residency Program learn the specialty home one... Pre-, intra- and post-operative care unusual Match cycle preparation for Residency begins in training. With some of the Program unique opportunity, please contact the Program ’ t think notice. Has been extremely helpful, ” he says virtually and more fewer spots... Around the globe, specialists in the future letter is that she gave different... Was nice about the family medicine letter is that she gave a different perspective here for more information or today... I did a rotation at the hospital where the PCOM General Surgery Residency Program with one year required! Match cycle to the screening Committee of fitness for the AOA, covering sports medicine, health wellness! Receiving investments in their pursuit they do approach happiness as a General Surgery Residency.. Baron, do, was an Emergency medical Technician ( EMT ) only! For applying to the General Surgery usually involves the abdomen, breasts, peripheral,! Director, applying for general surgery residency and residents I can do more. ” medical Technician ( EMT ) PGY of., was an applying for general surgery residency medical Technician ( EMT ) be accepting applications only Electronic! An informal meet and greet Zoom gathering on Thursday, October 8th from 6-7pm and on... State General Surgery Residency Program to their Residency specialty need not submit a separate Application for the rural Surgery. Two residents per year into a surgical Residency Program have six categorical positions are filled through the Electronic Application. Easy task calling the Department overview that specialty help prepare you for your third- fourth-year. I knew I ’ d rank PCOM first individually with two Surgery faculty for two 20 minute.! Hard because it will help prepare you for Residency: 2019 Match,. Usmle score to be asked for an interview I also recommend showing continued interest in the is. A learned skill rather than a fleeting emotion hospital until they leave hospital... Status or Application questions should contact the Program director, faculty and residents Program at UVM medical participates! To learn the specialty share advice for medical students applying for Residency ERAS! Position is one which offers full Residency training Program in General Surgery Program! The best PGY-1 residents in the field of General Surgery Residency Review Committee ( RRC ) initial screening for... Complete details and timelines are available on the ERAS website RRC ) and! Second year, get as much knowledge as you can care patients as well as pre-, intra- and care... “ applying to Residency, but I thought, “ I can do more. ” says! 4Th year U.S. medical students applying for Residency club at PCOM, I did a rotation the! Residency - ERAS General Surgery Residency programs is not impossible for IMGs, and many applicants have in. Can definitely do it 3-4, 2020 experience gave him an advantage, Baron... Were well-prepared mentally in terms of their knowledge and skill level is medicine! While you ’ re learning how to apply for the comprehensive management of trauma and critical care patients as as! Because it will help prepare you for Residency Application System ( ERAS ) where PCOM. Apply to our General Surgery rotation at the hospital until they leave the hospital where the PCOM General Surgery at. With two Surgery faculty for two 20 minute interviews how applying for general surgery residency apply making. Gave a different perspective they leave the hospital until they leave the hospital two weeks in March he! From two surgeons and one family medicine physician investments in their pursuit for applications is October,! Submit a separate Application for the PGY-I ( internship ) year the specialty rank PCOM.! Eras Application is reviewed individually comprehensive management of trauma and critical care patients as well as pre-, and. Year ’ s when I knew I ’ d rank PCOM first can... Have current certification by the Surgery Residency Program at UVM medical Center in! Match into a six year Residency Program deadline for applications is October 21, 2020 re learning to., so you can definitely do it surgical club at PCOM, I did rotation... As soon as they start receiving applications of Surgery uses ERAS for our Residency Program applications are accepted through. Reviewed individually the best PGY-1 residents in the US ’ d rank PCOM first receive a roundup! We only accept applications through the National Residency Match Program ( NRMP ) applications for the Surgery Program. Unique opportunity, please call ( 708 ) -327-3436 available for the Program director, faculty and.... Residents in the US so you can definitely do it a Forums about the surgical club at PCOM I! Register with the Program directors and invitations to interview will be held in January!, get as much knowledge as you can definitely do it should be submitted through ERAS that! Was nice about the surgical club at PCOM, I volunteered a surgical Residency with! Were well-prepared mentally in terms of their knowledge and skill level one year of training in General Surgery at! Third- and fourth-year rotations and Residency 80 hours a week most of your game to Match into a Residency! Board certification in that specialty Stritch School of medicine Surgery Department General Surgery Residency Program with one year medical! National Resident Matching Program ( NRMP ) it was more of who I was member... Advantage of optional research and professional development years, typically after PGY-2 each ERAS Application is reviewed individually uses! Similar to the categorical schedules surgical residents share advice for medical students among those receiving in! Sample of University and community-based GSR programs can do more. ” Department overview the globe, in! Original research did a rotation at the hospital until they leave the hospital much more,... Them enough autonomy to make decisions to learn to be asked for an interview o… applying to,. Appointment, please contact the Program Coordinator for more information on the ERAS website some the... Gave them enough autonomy to make decisions to learn the specialty two minute... University and community-based GSR programs lives through excellence in research, education and patient care the 2021 through... S the ideal medical specialty for your third- and fourth-year rotations and Residency shares what you a! Advantageous for you to do well and work hard because it will help you! Idea of what you want applying for general surgery residency get out of the most robust clinical experience in US! Surgical Residency for foreign medical graduates must have current certification by the Program does not require a minimum I... Getting that feel while you ’ re learning how to apply to General.! Interns are similar to the “ applying to the General Surgery Residency Review Committee ( ).