Updated October 18, 2020. The first white settlement in South Africa occurred on the Cape under the control of the Dutch East India company. German South Africans refers to South Africans who have full or partial German heritage.. A significant number of South Africans are descended from Germans. The growing influence of the British and the French who also had interests in the Indian Ocean posed a danger that they might lay claim to the Cape because of its strategic location before the Dutch. The original European settlers in South Africa were DUTCH. Settlers were leaving Cape Town in their creaking ox drawn wagons and moving into nearby fertile valleys. This changed early in the 17th century when the Dutch and English formed trading companies that sought to challenge the Portuguese and Spanish domination of the European trade with Asia. Along the West Coast of Africa, British charter companies clashed with the forces of the Dutch West India Company over rights to slaves, ivory, and gold in 1663. In the 1600s both the VOC and East India Company companies were increasingly using the Cape as a halfway stop  in their maritime trade and occasionally set up tents along the shore to trade with the Khoikhoi. Dutch settlement in South Africa began in March 1647, the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem, wrecked at the Cape. After the Transvaal Boers took up armed resistance in 1880 and war started. Who were the first European settlers in India? Between 1835 and 1845 around 15,000 Dutch people moved from British Cape Colony to the interior of South Africa. In 1600 the East India Company of the British was formed, and this was followed by the formation the VOC in Netherlands in 1602. In 1480, Portuguese ships landed on the shores of the West Coast of Africa. The Dutch were the first to really begin colonizing South Africa, with Dutch settlers called Afrikaners fighting violently against the indigenous Khoikhoi people for control. The National Convention drew up a constitution and the four colonies became an independent dominion called the Union of South Africa on 31 May 1910. When European ships landed on the shores of Table Bay they came into contact with Khoikhoi. Many more Europeans moved in over time including Germans, French, and Dutch settlers. In order to avoid collision with the Bantu peoples advancing south, north and west from east central Africa, the VOC agreed in 1780 to make the Great Fish River the boundary of the colony. [5], Conflicts with the settlers and the effects of smallpox decimated their numbers in 1713 and 1755, until gradually the breakdown of their society led them to work for the colonists, mostly as shepherds and herdsmen. VOC Cape Colony at its largest extent in 1795, Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1962), Commanders and governors of the Cape Colony (1652–1806). Muslim traders dominated the spice trade in the Indian Ocean in the medieval period. For instance in 1611, Dutch sailors were shipwrecked on Robben Island. On his return Dias erected a cross (on the Gulf between the Mountains later named by sailors as ‘False Bay’). In 1787, shortly before the French Revolution, a faction within the politics of the Dutch Republic known as the Patriot Party attempted to overthrow the regime of stadtholder William V. Though the revolt was crushed, it was resurrected after the French invasion of the Netherlands in 1794/1795 which resulted in the stadtholder fleeing the country. They were ordered to sell their produce to the company and forbidden to trade with the Khoikhoi. The growth of the Ottoman Empire disrupted overland trade routes to Europe. Thus, the order to set up a permanent settlement was an attempt by the Dutch to exclude the British with whom the Dutch were at war. The affair came to the attention of the government through the … Search for an answer or ask Weegy. In the 17th century, the southernmost point of Africa where the Atlantic and Indian oceans meet became a desirable half-way haven for the Dutch East India Company which was trading with India. However, although the descendants of the settlers have kept many of their traditions alive, they have also borrowed from those around them. A. Balkema, Kaapstad, 1971. Traders of the United East India Company (VOC), under the command of Jan van Riebieeck, were the first people to establish a European colony in South Africa. Once again the Khoikhoi fought back and defeated the Portuguese force killing 67 people including de Almeida. 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