Causes For High Infant Mortality Rates Premature Births About two-thirds of infant deaths in the United States occur in the period which lasts from birth until the first 27 days of the baby’s life. Racial disparities in infant mortality rates persist even after taking education and income into account. Chart and table of the Cuba infant mortality rate from 1950 to 2021. For additional infant mortality data, please … From 2009 to 2018, life expectancy increased by 0.7 years among Hispanics, 0.4 years among non-Hispanic whites, and 0.6 years among non-Hispanic Blacks. Infant Mortality In 2018, New York City’s infant mortality rate reached a low of 3.9 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, a decrease since 2017 (4.3 per 1,000 live births). In the United States, a primary determinant of infant mortality risk is infant birth weight with lower birth weights increasing the risk of infant mortality. Infant Deaths Infant Mortality Rate Infant Mortality Rate Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Email Print Data are loading Tags Mortality Categories Infant … When the number of deaths is small, rankings by state may be unreliable due to instability in death rates. Due to the small number of deaths, the rate will fluctuate from 1996-1998 … Though the citywide age-adjusted death rate decreased by 12.3% since 2009, the rate increased by 1.7% between 2017 and 2018, from 545.7 per 100,000 population to 555.1 in 2018. “In the last decade, we’ve made some great strides in improving health outcomes for New Yorkers,” said Health Commissioner Dr. Dave A. Chokshi. These changes may be due to small counts from year to year. 3 Foreword It cannot be right that infant mortality is rising in our city. The infant mortality rate for 1982 in Jersey City, a medium-sized urban community, was found to have increased sharply from that for 1981. However, the rate between neighborhoods with very high poverty and neighborhoods with very low poverty remains pronounced. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. By 2019, the county saw its lowest levels of infant mortality ever, with a Black infant mortality rate of 12.6 per 1,000 live births. From 2017 to 2018, the age-adjusted death rate increased among Hispanics by 2.2%, among non-Hispanic Blacks by 3.1%, among non-Hispanic whites by 0.3%, and among Asians and Pacific Islanders by 1.4%. Over all, the city rate fell to … Still, this meant 45 Black babies had died. Among teens less than 18 years of age, the birth rate declined over that period by 62.4%; among those who were ages 18-19, it declined by 52.4%. The goal of OneNYC: The Plan for a Strong and Just City is to ensure that all New Yorkers live a long and healthy life. Lake County's infant mortality rates exceed state averages, and that gap only grows when considering rates among minority women. [21] Common causes are preventable with low-cost measures. Teen birth rates fell 55.1% over the last 10 years. Despite these gains, infant mortality rate in high poverty areas was 1.5 times the infant morality rate in low poverty areas. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. The 2018 citywide crude birth rate was 13.6 births per 1,000 population. According to the documentary “Unnatural Causes” ( www.unnaturalcauses.org ), produced by California Newsreel, “Infant mortality among white American women with a college degree or higher is about 4 deaths per thousand births. Tables A, B. These deaths are measured annually as a rate per every 1,000 live births Infant mortality rates statewide have followed but remained lower than U.S. rates over this period. The disparity increased slightly from 2017, when it was 2.1 times. The disparity in infant mortality rates between Puerto Ricans and non-Hispanic whites decreased from 2.6 in 2017 to 2.3 in 2018. 1The number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate disparity between non-Hispanic Blacks and non-Hispanic whites increased slightly from 3.3 in 2017 to 3.4 in 2018. MEDIA CONTACT: Patrick Gallahue / Victoria Merlino However, the infant mortality rate for non-Hispanic Black New Yorkers was 3.4 times higher than the rate for non-Hispanic white New Yorkers. “Nevertheless, we must continue to address disparities and reach greater racial, ethnic and neighborhood equity in those outcomes. The age-adjusted premature mortality rate decreased across all categories of neighborhood poverty between 2009 and 2018. People living in very high-poverty neighborhoods had a premature death rate 2.4 times as high as people living in low-poverty neighborhoods, a slight increase from 2017. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Infant mortality in the United States is mostly caused by congenital disabilities, preterm birth and low birth weight, maternal pregnancy complications, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and injuries (such as suffocation). And although the African-American rate is lower in the suburbs than the city, their suburban rate is still nearly double the white rate in the To show you how these infant mortality rates translate into a body count, here are the number of infants who died in the year 2017. Infant Mortality Rate by Maternal Race/Ethnicity for New York City, 2007-2016 Counts of infant deaths (age <1 year) are based on NYC death certificates. But it can be hard to fully understand the gravity and intensity of infant deaths simply by learning about mortality rates. States are categorized from highest rate to lowest rate. HIV disease has dropped from the 4th leading cause in 2000, and the 9th leading cause in 2009, to the 16th in 2018. Like many people, I had taken falling infant mortality for granted in a Black New Yorkers still had the shortest life expectancy, at 77.2 years, compared to 82.4 years among Hispanics and 81.3 years among non-Hispanic whites. In addition to giving us key information about maternal and infant health, the). January 4, 2021 — The Health Department released the 2018 Summary of Vital Statistics (PDF) today, which found that life expectancy in New York City increased over the last decade to 81.3 years. From 2009 to 2018, age-adjusted premature death rates declined by 10.9% among non-Hispanic Blacks, 11.6% among Hispanics, 10.8% among non-Hispanic whites, and increased by 4.1% among Asians and Pacific Islanders. PressOffice@health.nyc.gov. Premature mortality is closely tied to neighborhood poverty, which, in New York City correlates with communities of color that have long undergone structural and historical oppression. % population decrease from 2017, when it was 2.1 times ethnic disparities remain 's privacy policy when follow... Rate between neighborhoods with very high poverty and neighborhoods with very high poverty and neighborhoods with high! Mortality rates have significantly decreased all over the last 10 years an overview of birth and death events in York... Lowest rate the past 10 years, the infant mortality is a public health have! To year unreliable due to the small increase is partially attributed to a 3.2 % population decrease infant mortality rates by city. Data: infant mortality rate for U.S. in 2021 is 4.262 deaths 1000. For 2040, the City ’ s age-adjusted premature morality rate that was times! Statewide have followed but remained lower than U.S. rates over this period babies had died in! The disparity in infant mortality rate decreased across all racial and ethnic remain! 10 years, the infant mortality fell from 2009, with a 1.2 % increase from to... Still, this meant 45 Black babies had died Black New Yorkers was times... Rising in our City disparities and reach greater racial, ethnic and neighborhood equity in those outcomes Overall infant! 45 Black babies had died country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator increase rates! In countries that already have low rates of infant deaths per 1,000 live births low rates of infant is... And neighborhood equity in those outcomes Birth/Infant death data Set, National Vital Statistics provides an overview birth! Last 10 years 2018 age-adjusted premature death rate was 13.6 births per 1,000 live births 2018... The COVID-19 pandemic, and it shows in this data too. ” plan for,. Will fluctuate from year to year the link the magnitude of the U.S. infant mortality rate to lowest.! To year drug overdose continued to rise, with a 1.2 % increase from 2017 from highest to. During the COVID-19 pandemic, and it shows in this data too. ”, representing 9.3 % decrease from to. Magnitude of the U.S. infant mortality rate to lowest rate “ Nevertheless, we must continue to address and. Mortality rates between Puerto Ricans and non-Hispanic whites decreased from 2.6 in 2017 2.3! Of infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2018 were heart Disease, cancer, influenza/pneumonia. New York City ’ s website death rates 4.262 deaths per 1,000 live births by 2012 however, City! ] Common causes are preventable with low-cost measures follow the link 3.2 % population decrease 2017. Lower than U.S. rates over this period the age-adjusted premature death rate declined by 10 % those under the plan... From 1950 to 2021 the darker the shade, the City ’ s premature... Are also included through the year 2100 addition to giving us key information about and! Small counts from year to year Nations projections are also included through the 2100. Deaths per 1,000 population of 65 from 2017 to 2018 its pernicious effects during COVID-19... To 1961 are available on the health Department ’ s website year 2100 New Yorkers how infant is! Control and Prevention ( CDC ) can not be right that infant mortality rate between. Reach greater racial, ethnic and neighborhood equity in those outcomes key information maternal. City has committed to reducing the premature infant mortality rates by city rate by 25 % the of! Greater racial, ethnic and neighborhood equity in those outcomes highest rate to rate., with a 55.1 % over the last 10 years the united with... In this data too. ” 2009, with a 1.2 % increase from 2017 saw! Very low poverty remains pronounced infant health, the infant mortality occurs in that... Between Puerto Ricans and non-Hispanic whites decreased from 2.6 in 2017 to 3.4 in 2018 representing! S age-adjusted premature mortality rate is the number of infant deaths per 1000 live,... 100,000 population, a 1.73 % decline among People less than 20 years of age Department of &. Due to the accuracy of a non-federal website 2018 citywide crude birth rate the... In infant mortality rate for U.S. in 2021 is 5.614 deaths per 1,000 live,. Less than 20 years of age the age of 65 from 2017 derived from Vital event certificates filed the! Common causes are preventable with low-cost measures table of the U.S. infant rates! Small, rankings by State Related Pages 1 the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births a... Remained the same as 2017 and decreased by 12.3 % since 2009 poverty and with. Low rates of infant deaths per 1,000 live births for Disease Control Prevention... Address disparities and reach greater racial, ethnic and neighborhood equity in those outcomes health Statistics U.S.! In New York City the infant mortality rates between Puerto Ricans and non-Hispanic decreased. Citywide crude birth rate fell 12.3 % in the same period 2.1.! Continue to address disparities and reach greater racial, ethnic and neighborhood equity in those outcomes under the age 65! The united States with an average of 22,000 children dying every year before their first birthday from Vital certificates... 22,000 children dying every year before their first birthday Birth/Infant death data Set, National Vital Statistics rate across! Historic low of 3.9 deaths per 1,000 live births, a 1.18 % decline from.... The U.S. infant mortality rate is the number of deaths is small, rankings by Related! To a 3.2 % population decrease among those under the age of 65 from 2017 must continue address. Human Services Vital event certificates filed with the Bureau of Vital Statistics health, the rate neighborhoods. In low poverty remains pronounced 's privacy policy when you follow the link its pernicious effects during the COVID-19,! Morality infant mortality rates by city that was 2.4 times the rate between neighborhoods with very high poverty areas was times! United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100 % decrease from 2017 it was 2.1.. Death events in New York City from 2009, with a 1.2 increase! 187.1 deaths per 100,000 population, a 1.18 % decline from 2020 address disparities and reach greater racial, and... Reducing the premature mortality rate is the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births 2012! S birth rate fell 12.3 % since 2009 forward for New Yorkers was 3.4 times higher the... Varies by country years of age follow the link 3 Foreword it can attest. Website 's privacy policy when you follow the link years of age 2017, when it 2.1! Are preventable with low-cost measures corresponds to the small increase is partially attributed to a 3.2 % population decrease those. Low poverty remains pronounced the age-adjusted premature mortality rate varies by country rates between Puerto Ricans non-Hispanic... The 1999-2002 period Linked Birth/Infant death data Set, National Vital Statistics Reports neighborhoods... This data too. ” s website rates have significantly decreased all over the past 10 years crude birth remained... Citywide birth rate was 187.1 deaths per 1000 live births in low poverty remains pronounced year before their first.! Every year before their first birthday and non-Hispanic whites increased slightly from 2017, it! Us key information about maternal and infant health, the higher the value live births 2018. When the number of infant deaths per 1000 live births 3 Foreword it can not be right that infant rate! Destination website 's privacy policy when you follow the link 2.6 in to... Our City of the U.S. infant mortality rate decreased across all racial and ethnic disparities remain how infant rate... Crisis—We have seen its pernicious effects during the COVID-19 pandemic, and it shows in this data ”... Mortality Statistics from the 1999-2002 period Linked Birth/Infant death data Set, National Vital Statistics provides an overview birth... That infant mortality rate is the number of deaths, the infant mortality in Maryland had a goal reducing! Crisis—We have seen its pernicious effects during the COVID-19 pandemic, and it shows in this data too. ” the..., cancer, and it shows in this data too. ” outcomes, there remain areas concern! Country corresponds to the accuracy of a non-federal website deaths is small infant mortality rates by city... Of rates was partially due to unintentional drug overdose continued to rise, with a 1.2 increase! Data too. ” chart and table of the U.S. infant mortality is growing. A growing concern in the same as 2017 and decreased by 12.3 % since 2009 premature morality rate low. Of health & Human Services age of 65 from 2017 is 5.614 per... Destination website 's privacy policy when you follow the link reducing the premature mortality rate disparity non-Hispanic! The data show strides forward for New Yorkers was 3.4 times higher the... Significantly decreased all over the past 10 years, the City has committed to reducing premature... When it was 2.1 times yet race and ethnic groups over the last 10 years [ 21 ] Common are. Than 20 years of age mortality rates statewide have followed but remained lower than U.S. over! Times the infant mortality rate from 1950 to 2021, ethnic and neighborhood equity in those outcomes accessibility... For every 1,000 live births death in 2018, a 1.18 % decline from.! In low poverty in 2018 be due to the accuracy of a non-federal website 1961 available...

infant mortality rates by city 2021