[52], The Instituto Tecnológico de Colima was founded in 1976 with three majors in engineering and business with the aim of providing an alternative education focusing on preparing students for industry and service markets. During the war, the city of Colima was taken by the insurgents Jose Antonio Torres at the end of 1810 without resistance and taken back by the royalist army in 1811. [21] Colima became a diocese independent of Guadalajara in 1881. The San Antonio hacienda is in the municipality of Comala. Comala people perfected burnished red pottery and created representations of people and animals with skill and fluid lines. [11][20] By 1980, the majority of the state's population was living in urban centers. Pastorelas, or short plays with religious themes, are traditions that began in the very early colonial period. in Colima art is the hairless dog, known as the Techichior Escuincle. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. [37], The most important festival in the state is Day of the Dead. Colímotl was the name of the last King or Great Lord that ruled these fair lands. Historically, the port was the point of departure for various maritime expeditions and received the annual Manila Galleon from the Philippines. The fishing industry in the state supports a canning industry mostly for tuna, shrimp and octopus along with the freezing of fish filets. The Plan Colima was conceived and executed to improve the general infrastructure of the state during the 1980s by then Mexican president Miguel de la Madrid. [21], The port of Manzanillo, then called Santiago de Buena Esperanza, played a large part in the expeditions northwards ordered by Hernán Cortés, which later led to the discovery of Las Californias — the Baja California Peninsula and Alta California. The Spanish contributed bullfighting and charreada. The main distribution center is the city of Colima handing both basic commodities and industrial and other commercial merchandise for the rest of the state. Colima, Mexico. One period of the area's development is called the Los Ortices era, which began around 500 BCE. The main stairwell contains a mural by Colima painter Jorge Chávez Carrillo. Other items include huarache sandals, boots, bird cages, cold cuts and costumes and masks for traditional dance. The mildest climates are in the municipalities of Comala and Cuauhtémoc. Some histians agree that the word Colima comes from Colliman, the name by which was known the old kingdom that dominated this coastal region. [26] The Miguel de la Madrid airport was opened in 1987, twenty-two km outside the capital. Inland, there are various fresh water lakes, with the larger ones near the coast and smaller ones in the Valley of Colima. The last major battle against pirates at Manzanillo was in 1615 with Captain Sebastián Vizcaino defending the port against Dutch pirate Joris van Speilbergen. It was designated a city in 1991. Comala was named a "Pueblo Mágico" in 2002 because of its natural surroundings and traditional architecture, which its downtown declared a historic monument. In 1550, Colima lost the provinces of Autlán and Amula. The main teachers’ colleges are the Instituto Superior de Educación Normal de Colima and the Universidad Pedagógica Nacional. Ixtlahuacán is noted for its production of hammocks. [21], There is one other site called Periquillo, which indicates one late migration into Colimas around the 10th century from the north. Cuyutlan, Mexico. [44], The state has 1,424.5 km of roadway with 686.9 km paved with asphalt and the rest stone or dirt road. It was prompted mostly by road congestion due to port shipping in Manzanillo as well as the growing tourism sector. Principle catches include tuna and squid, in which Colima ranks nationally at third and fourth place respectively. [45][46], The formal name of the state is "Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima" (Free and Sovereign State of Colima). [47][49] Both the Periquillo and Chanal sites were occupied when the Spanish arrived in the 16th century. Insurgents took back the city in 1812 under the command of Ignacio Sandoval and Miguel Gallaga. Meaning: An active volcano in southwestern Mexico. [39][40] Other noted artists from the state include Gabriel Portillo, Mercedes Zamora, Jorge Chávez Carrillo, Pancha Magaña and Juan Soriano. [14], The main rivers of the state are the Cihuatlán (also called the Chacala, Marabasco, or Paticajo)—which forms the state's border with Jalisco on the west; the Armería, which descends from the Sierra de Cacoma and crosses the state north-south into the Pacific, and the Coahuayana River. It is the largest producing municipality for the business sector and tourism in the state of Colima. It has been restored and is used primarily as a museum.[35]. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colima&oldid=997358498, States and territories established in 1857, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 03:42. [23], The University of Colima was founded in 1940, following the educational philosophy of President Lázaro Cárdenas meant to provide higher education to the poorer classes. [38], Villa de Álvarez celebrates its annual Fiestas Charro-Taurinas, originally the feast of the city's patron saint, Philip of Jesus. This is significantly higher than previous years with most of these occurring in Colima, Villa de Alvarez and Manzanillo.[51]. It was designed to facilitate in-state transportation and connect the state better to the rest of Mexico. Synonyms: Colima; Nevado de Colima; Volcan de Colima On the coast, the average temperature varies from between 24 and 26 C and inland, at the highest elevations, the temperature averages between 20 and 22 C.[10], Cropland covers 27% of the state's territory, with another 28% dedicated to pasture. Suchitlán in the municipality of Comala is distinguished by its production of masks and other accessories for festivals and ceremonies. Similarly, the telephone service was added in 1883. It has called itself the "World Capital of the Sailfish" since 1957 when 336 species were caught off its shores. [34], Colima's most important tourism destination is the beaches of Manzanillo, which is popular among those in western Mexico as well as many sports fishermen. Collimator - A collimator is a device which narrows a beam of particles or waves. In 1818, a strong earthquake sent many from nearby San Francisco to the area, and it was renamed San Francisco de Almoloyan. The artificial structure is a tall dock with a length of 450 meters and 225 meters wide for a surface of 10,125m2. In the 1940s, the Tecomán Valley began to be intensively cultivated, creating a new source income for the state, with limes as the principle crop, and leading to the development of agro-industry. Most technology related higher education is provided by the Instituto Tecnológico de Colima, with 76% of the students, followed by ITESM- Colima with 7.6% and Instituto Autónomo de Educación Superior de Tecomán with 16.2%. Some historians agree that the word Colima comes from Colliman, the name by which was known the old kingdom that dominated this coastal region. It lies along the Colima River in the Sierra Madre foothills. A popular one from that time is the Adoration of the Three Wise Men, though it has evolved to meet modern tastes. The Nevado de Colima is taller at 4,271 m (14,013 ft) and gives its name to the national park that surrounds it. As you may see, the words Colliman and Coli'motl had the same origin and its meaning is explained bellow. [22], High school level education is available in all regions of the state, with just under sixty percent of those starting a program finishing it, with most that do not dropping out. It is held with street parties, dances, contests, and jaripeos. [21], The Chanal site was active from the 6th to the 15th centuries and was the main culture for the Colima area. This was 100% of all the recorded Colima's in the USA. The main aspect of the plan was the construction of highways such as the highway that connects Manzanillo to Guadalajara and then onto Tampico. On the Tuesday after Epiphany is the "Entrance of the Señor de la Expiración" in Rancho de Villa. [12], The state is in an offshoot of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range and geographically consists of four mountain systems. [26] For Holy Week 2011, one of Mexico's busiest vacation times, the state gained 175 million pesos and had a hotel occupancy of 94%, 7% higher than the previous year. Averages are for Colima, which is 9 miles from Colima. In 1789, the parish of Colima was incorporated into the diocese of Guadalajara. [21], At the beginning of the 16th century, the Purépechas invaded the territory of the Tecos and got as far as the salt fields of Tzacoalco. Most wild vegetation in the west of the state consists of moderately deciduous rainforest of medium height. Comala, Mexico. The longest runway is 2.3 km long. Information and translations of volcan de colima in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. This was opposed by many in the state who supported the Church's formerly prominent role in political and social affairs. [38], The state has produced one internationally famous artist named Alejandro Rangel Hidalgo. [21][47], Colima served as a provisional seat for Benito Juárez’s Liberal government in 1858 during the Reform War. In addition to being the main lime producer, the Tecoman Valley also produces cocoa, cotton, coconuts, mangos, papaya, avocados and melons. [49] They would be followed by the Mercedarians and the Brothers of Saint John of the Cross. The town is marked by an abstract sculpture depicting a lime tree created by sculptor Sebastián, which measures thirty meters in height and weighs 110 tons. The state is also known for the production of handcrafted furniture, especially those based on the designs of Alejandro Rangel Hidalgo, from Comala. Colima Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). View Census data for Colima | Data not to scale. Just under 90% of those who start middle school finish. [25][26] The city is one of Mexico's important Pacific ports, handing regional merchandise and acting as an overflow port for other ports from Mexico to Los Angeles. Telephone service covers the entire state but rural areas still use analog. [21][47] In 1527, Francisco Cortés de San Buenaventura moved the Spanish settlement to its current located and changing the name to San Sebastián de Colima. [21], Textile production that began in the 19th century ended by the mid 20th century, though farmers continued to grow cotton to ship to Guadalajara. • COLIMA (noun) Sense 1. Origin of state name: From the Náhuatl (Amerindian) word collimaitl. It shares its name wi its caipital an main ceety, Colima. Since then it has added majors in biotechnology, computer science, mechatronics and architecture, offering six undergraduate degrees and one master's degree. In England, the name may have originated as a double diminutive of Nicholas, or as a patronymic surname meaning "son of Colin," a short form of Nicholas.The given name Nicholas means "victory of the people," from the Greek νικη (nike), meaning "victory" and λαος (laos), meaning "people. [26] However, it is not as well known or as well visited as other Pacific destinations such as Puerto Vallarta, despite long sandy beaches and docks for cruise ships. The telegraph arrived to the state in 1869 to connect the capital and the port of Manzanillo. [19] Most of Colima's agriculture is based on perennial plants, such as fruit trees, producing limes, coconuts, mangos and bananas, accounting for ninety percent of the volume of agricultural production and 79% of its value. Colima, estado (state), west-central Mexico. The agricultural production supports an agro-industry that attracts workers from neighboring Jalisco and Michoacán. Only three percent of these enterprises are modern facilities with twenty-one traditional markets, forty-five major tianguis and numerous corner stores still dominating the state. [13] The last major eruptions of the Colima Volcano occurred in 1998 and 1999. After this, the Tecos conquered Sayula, Zapotlán and Amunla, making them the dominant cultural group in this part of the state. Its influence stretched from t… California had the highest population of Colima families in 1880. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. There are also about 3,000 hectares dedicated to fish farming. Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in your family tree, This page needs Javascript enabled in order to work properly. [21], The Universidad (Popular) de Colima was founded in 1942. Lumber harvesting has decreased in the state owing to conservation measures.[10]. Candlemas is an important event in Tecomán with traditional dances and fair. It was originally made part of the diocese of Valladolid (Morelia). One accused insurgent was José Antonio Díaz, the parish priest of Almoloyán and friend of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla. Colima city is the state capital. The former state government palace is located in the center of the city of Colima and dates from the 19th century. [37] The Fiestas del Cristo de Caña in Quesería in May revolves around an 18th-century Christ image that came to the area from Pátzcuaro. These pirates would include Francis Drake and Thomas Cavendish. [32] The principal markets for Colima's agricultural products—especially produce—are Guadalajara, Mexico City, Puebla and Monterrey. For the veterans among your Colima ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more. 0. [47] Archeological evidence dates human occupation of the area as far back as 1500 BCE, with sites here contemporary with San Lorenzo on the Gulf Coast and Tlatilco in the Valley of Mexico. Fish farming mostly concerns raising shrimp along lakes and lagoons, such as Cuyutlán, Chupadero, and Potrero Grande, with an annual production of about 5,000 tons. It is celebrated with horse races, mojigangas, traditional dance, processions, and music. A hurricane devastated the state in 1959. You can see how Colima families moved over time by selecting different census years. [23], Much of the state's tourism centers on its beaches in Manzanillo, and in the municipalities of Armería and Tecomán. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. The formal name of the state is "Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima" (Free and Sovereign State of Colima). It is believed to be a relative of the Chihuahua and/or the Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintle). [23] Playa de Oro has flights to and from destinations in Mexico, the United States and Canada. It extends from the Boca de Apiza to the Cerro de San Francisco in front of Barra de Navidad, Jalisco. It was founded in the very early colonial period and still maintains its narrow streets and old houses with large main doors of wood and balconies with simple ironwork. In 1813, the city was in royalist hands with the city swearing allegiance to the monarchist constitution. In 1911, troops loyal to Francisco I. Madero entered Colima and suspended the state congress. Half of this is from production of electricity, gas, and water services. In 1880 there were 3 Colima families living in California. Some oyster raising takes place as well. The Ley de Cultos (Religion Law) of 1926 gave rise to the Cristero War pitting those favoring the Catholic Church against those favoring agrarian and socialist reform. Early HistoryLittle is known about Colima’s early history except that the Otomi, Nahuatl, Tolteca, Chichimeca and Tarasca cultures flourished there between approximately 2000 B.C and 1000 A.D.When the Spanish arrived in the area around 1525, much of West Mexico was under the political control of the Kingdom of Tzintuntzan, which was the second largest and most powerful Mesoamerican Empire. noun a state of SW Mexico, on the Pacific coast: mainly a coastal plain, rising to the foothills of the Sierra Madre, with important mineral resources. This name is most likely derived from a Nahuatlphrase "coliman," but the original meaning is in doubt with two most accepted versions. Over 386 hectares with about 100,000 passengers going through the terminal in 2009 Drake... 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